What house at a wasp

What house at a wasp

In the nature there is a set of different types of wasps. All of them belong to family of Hymenoptera and are in the majority a public insect with very high vital organization.

Public and single wasps

Public wasps usually live the families numbering from several dozen to several hundred individuals. They have a segregation of duties in community. The uterus lays eggs and cares for wellbeing of posterity, working wasps build a nest and hunt. Single wasps do everything independently and carry out almost all life, without needing society similar.

Hornet's nest

Wasps build the house for removal and feeding of posterity for which they touchingly care, supplying with food and protecting from encroachments of various predators.

A variety of the architectural forms and materials used by wasps in construction of nests so variously that similar can hardly be found still somewhere in the nature. The bulk of wasps builds the house of paper. The way of obtaining the paper was known to wasps long before discovery of this material by the Chinese wise men. Chewing pieces of wood, a grass and other vegetable fibers, by means of the enzymes which are contained in saliva, insects receive cellulose of which they do small thin leaflets scales of paper. Sticking together them among themselves in a special way, wasps receive paper cells. Cells are attached to a surface directly or by means of thin "leg" which promotes regulation of temperature condition, protecting a nest and the larvae which are in it from overheating. Single earth wasps build nests, dig out in the earth of a mink in which they wear out the fat larva paralyzed by poison for food of the posterity on it lay eggs. The larva supplied with "live canned food" can safely and nourishingly develop to an okuklivaniye. Wasps carpenters build nests, gnawing holes in mouldering wood, making finishing of a surface of a nest peculiar "paper wall-paper" for reasons of durability and hygiene from within. Wasps potters mold original "cartridges" from clay for postponement of eggs. Some species of wasps are capable even to apply instruments of labor. They pave the nest and close an entrance to a mink small stones which find and bring in a nest by means of the powerful jaws upper jaws. Large single wasps of type of skoliya and hornets do not build houses at all. They find in heaps of humus and manure of huge larvae of bugs, lay in them the eggs. The larva of a wasp independently hatches, eats the delicacy preserved for it and pupates. And there live clever wasps – tireless hunters and careful parents.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team