Wild inhabitants of the North Pole

Wild inhabitants of the North Pole

Certainly, it is possible to carry polar bears to wild inhabitants of the North Pole. They are found in the Arctic – the territory adjacent to the North Pole. The Arctic includes islands at coast of North America and Eurasia and also the Arctic Ocean.

Kings of the North Pole

At many people the North Pole is associated with polar bears. And not for nothing! Even the name of these animals originates from Greek: "арктос" is a bear. Severe Arctic is the permanent habitat of surprising and mysterious wanderers of ice deserts. It is curious that polar bears quite easily find to themselves food and a shelter among infinite ice, despite of all severe conditions of this wild land.

Sometimes it happens and so that bears on floating ice floes accidentally get to Iceland or in Japanese and the Sea of Okhotsk. But it does not confuse them at all. White bears travelers always come back to "the native harbor", making big transitions by land and moving strictly in the northern direction.

How do polar bears survive in ices?

The fact is that polar bears have all necessary "devices" for existence in the conditions of boundless ices. For example, their white wool perfectly absorbs sunlight which on the North Pole worth its weight in gold. Bear hair – hollow also contains air that helps an animal to be warmed. Besides, the huge layer of hypodermic fat cellulose during the winter periods reaches 10 cm in thickness.

Other wild inhabitants of the North Pole

In general the Arctic is the unique place. The fact is that here quite interesting also not absolutely ordinary wild animals live. It both musk oxen, and reindeers, and snow rams. It is possible to list all of them long. It is necessary to dwell upon a musk ox and a reindeer. Musk oxen are the very massive herbivores living on the North Pole. Scientists consider that musk oxen appeared more than one million years ago and inhabited all North of Central Asia. A bit later they reached both Siberia, and England and France. About 100 years ago musk oxen on an isthmus of the modern Bering Strait moved to North America. In Eurasia these animals died out long ago, and in America they were completely exterminated by Eskimo hunters. In 1917 the Canadian government made the decision on rescue of disappearing musk oxen. Today there are reserves in which these animals are protected by laws on the environment. In reserves of Canada there live slightly less than 10 thousand these animals. 6 thousand more musk oxen live in Greenland. A reindeer – the herbivorous inhabitant of the North Pole to whom the existence obliged almost all northern nationalities. The fact is that the reindeer feeds them, dresses them and also is just unique "vehicle" of movement in the conditions of northern off road terrain. The reindeer is the very large herbivore meeting in Scandinavia, Greenland and in Siberia. At the same time in this territory it is possible to meet both domestic, and wild reindeers.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team