How to study mathematics with the preschool child

How to study mathematics with the preschool child

How to learn from what age it is possible to begin to study mathematics? For a start, it is necessary will decide on what is mathematics. It is not limited at all to a numerical row which each child already in nursery can "ottarabanit". The mathematics is a science about spatial forms and quantitative ratios. And, so it is possible to study mathematics long before the child has an idea of numbers and figures.


1. With the least children which are in a stage of accumulation of passive words it is possible to study a form and the size. For example, circle, square, triangle. Now for this purpose in book outlets and toy stores, enough methodical materials, in the form of games and books are on sale. But even without getting any special grants, it is possible to be engaged with the kid. Just ask the child to bring a cube or a ball. On pictures or just surrounding objects it is possible to explain to the child "the sun - round, wheels at the car - round, a fir-tree - triangular, a sandbox square". Also children can teach to be defined the size. Of course, they will determine this size not in centimeters, and comparing "big - small", "it is more - less", "short - long", "sticking" into the compared objects with the small finger. Of course, at this age you give all classes in the form of games which are available to children. For example, collecting by all of a familiar pyramid or matryoshka is a lesson of mathematics. In order that the child collected this toy, it is necessary to choose the biggest from all ringlets, and further to choose the greatest of remained.

2. When the child a little grows up, at the time of increase in the active dictionary it is possible to enter quantitative concepts "one - a little". With it you can be helped by toys or pictures. Draw the attention of the child to surrounding objects: "the moon in the sky one, and is a lot of stars". Also there are such wonderful assistants as books. For example, in the Priklyucheniya Zelenogo Kolpachka edition of G. Sapgir, in very available, unostentatious form the simplest mathematical concepts speak. Even the usual fairy tale "Turnip" can help you when you explain that one grandfather could not extend turnip, and several characters - coped. Continue development of geometrical figures. Gradually you enter new, more difficult figures on classes. Study and constantly repeat with the kid arrangement of objects in space. From below - from above, at the left, on the right, between, in the middle, in front, etc.

3. Take the following step to mathematics on average preschool age. Now at last there comes the moment of acquaintance to figures. Remember that study them has to happen after formation at the child of idea of communication of number with quantity. For this purpose ask the child to put on a table, for example, a cube. After that ask the kid to tell how many cubes on a table. Now explain that the quantity of objects is designated by the special sign, figure. Further show to the child figure one and suggest to paint it or to mold from plasticine. Also acquaint the kid and with other figures. During this period, your little mathematician can already cope with independent creation of geometrical figures. Help the child to draw, cut out, put flat forms from sticks, and volume - to stick together from plasticine, to collect from the designer. Also set to the kid simple logical tasks. For example, ask to paint a chain with the set color rhythm. Or to choose from figures necessary on several signs. For example, big green oval.

4. At the advanced preschool age there comes very intense period - preparation for receipt in the first class. During this time it is necessary to find out and eliminate all gaps in development. Work a numerical row up to 20. The child has to keep count in a direct and return order, to call the following or previous number from set. Check whether the kid accurately divides ordinal and cardinal numbers. If it is necessary, explain a difference. Solve logical problems with the child. For example, how to make of a square two identical triangles by means of one stick. Choose tasks not only for logic, but also for attention. For example, how many apples hang on a birch with two branches if on each branch there are three apples. Of course, at all stages of development it is possible to be engaged with the child in special groups or to leave everything on conscience of tutors in kindergarten. But it cannot replace completely the house games and classes especially valuable with the fact that there are they from the closest and dear people.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team