It is considered that modern children differ in early development, they have a clever speech, many come to school already reading. However there are cases when the child considerably lags behind: too long spells. Syllabic reading exhausts: a lot of time and efforts is spent for it, and understanding does not happen. The child cannot track relationships of cause and effect, there is no integrity of perception of the text, storing suffers.
It is required to you
- children's book
- stop watch
1. One of the reasons of not formation of skill of coherent reading – the sound alphabetic principle of training which fixes on formality of process of reading. At the low level of concentration of attention by the end of the offer the child forgets the beginning. At a narrow field of sight, it does not cover several words in a row or even a word entirely. Some children got used to pronounce readable and only provided that learn words. The poor lexicon considerably reduces quantity of recognizable words. At last, reading without the purpose will not mobilize mental capacities of the child. An optimal variant of speed of reading – in tempo of speech, 120-150 words a minute. Badly reading school student is included in the list of underachievers. It forms negative attitude to the doctrine, he endures a stress, understanding that is weaker than others, its self-assessment decreases. If the situation is warmed up by adults, the state is aggravated, it can lead to emergence of psychological and physiological problems.
2. Involve it in process of reading without coercion: when you read to it, stop on the most interesting place, tell that were tired, and ask him to esteem a little. Ask questions about a plot, explain unknown words. Let such home trainings will be short (10-15 minutes), but repeat regularly. Make reading need: leave notes with valuable information which he necessarily will read. Watch filmstrips: short signatures to shots, any change will help to read them at convenient speed. Be engaged in parallel reading: you read the text aloud, and the child after you about yourself, watching in the text a finger. So it will check itself(himself), without worrying about how it will be estimated from outside. Play verbal games – it will fill up a lexicon of the child, will help to be guided quicker by search of proper words. Think out control questions on the text for each other: to think up for you a question according to contents, the little reader will have to work to comprehend read.
3. Teachers-speech pathologists offer also exercises on development of organs of articulation: an articulation of vowels, concordant and their combinations, it is especially useful if there are violations of diction. It is possible to sing through vowels, to read tongue twisters and chistogovorka. If you noticed that the child mispronounces some sounds, do not insist on that he by all means said this sound in exercises, address the logopedist who will professionally solve a problem. Besides, teachers and psychologists advise to train visual memory (storing and comparison of pictures, the game "What Was Gone from a Table?", storing of letters, syllables, words on cards). Reading words with the passed letters: words from one semantic group (for example, animals) with the passed letters are shown to the child. He has to learn these words, read them and tell how all this is called in a word. It is possible to write letters vraznobros, under them to deliver figures: leaning on figures, the child will arrange letters in the necessary order and learns words. For example: About A K S of B A2 4 5 1 3 6 Visual dictations are constantly used at lessons at elementary school. The teacher writes down on a board the offer from 2-3 words, some time children read it and remember. Then the offer is removed from eyes, it should be written down on memory. At the same time also the literacy of writing is considered.