The main danger to which vomiting and a diarrhea at the child, this severe dehydration threaten. It can lead to serious violations in an organism of the kid, up to a lethal outcome. Therefore the most important stage of treatment of a diarrhea and vomiting at children is liquid loss completion.
1. Begin treatment before arrival of the doctor. For recovery of deficiency of liquid in an organism of the child use special pharmaceutical solutions, such as Regidron. Schemes and doses of medicine specify in the enclosed instruction. If there is no opportunity to buy ready medicine, make it independently. For this purpose dissolve one teaspoon of salt and five-six tablespoons of sugar in one liter of warm boiled water. You store the solution prepared thus no more than 24 hours. Do not give to the child solutions which do not contain enough salts – tea, fruit juice, milk or chicken broth. They can strengthen dehydration.
2. If symptoms appeared at the baby, nurse him or dairy mix more often than usually. Besides, give him 100-120 ml of water-salt solution, pharmaceutical or made independently, after each attack of a diarrhea or vomiting. If the kid is not able to drink from a small bottle, give to drink to him in the small portions from a teaspoon or by means of the syringe without needle. If right after drink there was a new attack of vomiting, again give it solution, but in already smaller portions. You give to drink to the child until he does not satisfy thirst. If the baby refuses to eat or he has a vomiting attack every time after drink, call ambulance crew.
3. If vomiting and a diarrhea at the kid are more senior more than four hours proceed, begin to fill shortage of liquid special solution at the rate of 50 ml on kilogram of weight of the child. Further after each episode of vomiting you give to drink it solution at the rate of 2 ml on weight kg, and after each attack of a diarrhea – 10 ml on weight kg. You give to drink to the child before full satisfying of thirst. If within 4 hours he refuses food and drink or after each drunk portion of liquid there is a new attack of vomiting – call the doctor.