In medicine allocate two types of the alfalfa butterfly – pathological and physiological. The most widespread is the physiological alfalfa butterfly who results from massive disintegration of fetal hemoglobin in the blood course of the newborn. The reasons of the pathological alfalfa butterfly connect with incompatibility on a Rhesus factor of mother and child, pathology of a system of blood, diseases of biliary tract and parenchyma of a liver more often.
Physiological alfalfa butterfly
Fetal (fetal) hemoglobin considerably differs from the adult and has short life expectancy. After the birth it very quickly collapses that leads to increase in quantitative indices of direct bilirubin. As a result, skin gets an icteric shade. The physiological alfalfa butterfly begins for the third day after the birth and remains for 3–5 days. Its current is not followed by deterioration in the general health of the kid and has no consequences. At kids on breastfeeding the alfalfa butterfly passes quicker as the milk possessing laxative action allows first-born Kalou together with bilirubin as fast as possible to leave an organism.
Pathological jaundice arises right after the birth, bilirubin reaches such level that poisons nervous system. The course of a disease slow also demands drug treatment. Often it arises at premature kids whose liver and internals are not enough a zrela. The organism of the child cannot cope with the high level of bilirubin.
Among the reasons the doctors call incompatibility on a blood type or a Rhesus factor of mother and child. In this situation jaundice can develop right after the birth. Mikrosferotsitoz and crescent and cellular anemia — genetic disorders which lead to pathologies of walls of erythrocytes provoke their massive disintegration. The most dangerous consider the reasons which do not allow to carry out full treatment — an underdevelopment of the bilious courses and obstruction of bilious channels.
Consequences and treatment
Treatment of the pathological alfalfa butterfly has to be timely and fast. Otherwise the disease has negative impact on heart, nervous system and a digestive tract. High rates of direct bilirubin have toxic impact on a brain that leads to weakening of reflexes including sosatelny. The ill-defined physiological alfalfa butterfly does not demand treatment, especially if the kid is on breastfeeding. In a week integuments and the skler gain normal color. Long preservation of high rates of bilirubin demands introduction of a safe way of treatment – phototherapy which assumes use of the special device radiating light. As a natural lamp serves the sun, in house conditions of the child spread under indirect sunshine.