For most of young mothers the question of norm of an increase of weight at the newborn very much is particularly acute. Fear to leave the child hungry — one of the main fears of the first year of life of the child. Already became habitual that there are certain standards of development of the child. And if the kid does not fit into them, then it can lead to deplorable consequences.
Standards and general information
Most often children weighing from 2.5 to 4 kg are born. But you should not panic if the kid was born weighing 4, and even 5 kg. It meets quite often. The child just is considered large. If weight exceeds norm on 2 and more than a kg, then a fruit is considered huge. Such children of a neonatology are examined with special care. The risk of presence of diabetes and allergic reactions increases.
And also deviations are possible and downwards. Most often the shortage of norm of weight meets at premature children. If the shortage is critical, then doctors dokhazhivat the child in special boxes. As a rule, premature children are compared in weight to full-term by a year.
It should be noted that after the birth at children the loss of weight is observed. It is physiological process, connected with the fact that at the kid liquid through urine and kcal leaves. Normal loss in weight is considered up to 10% of body weight. Most often loss of weight is from 5 to 8%. As a rule, pediatricians consider the subsequent set of weight from the minimum value. The kid filled the lost weight thanks to feeding.
Norms of an increase of weight at the newborn on months
In the first month of life the newborn gains about 600 g. As it was told earlier, in the first month the child at first loses weight. Therefore also set can be not such big. In the first month the child eats on average each 3-3.5 hours.
In the second month the child adds about 800 g. Food frequency approximately same, as well as in the first month.
On the third month of life the kid also gains 800 g. In day the child eats from 6 times. And for one feeding the kid eats from 130 ml of milk.
The norm of set of weight in the fourth month is about 750 g the Child eats about 6 times a day and infections eats 150 — 170 ml of maternal milk.
In five months a set of weight at the kid is again lost. Average value of 700 g. It is considered that on the fifth month of life the weight of the child has to equal to his weight at the birth increased by 2.
The six-month-old child, as a rule, gathers a month before 650 g. Usually by six months to the kid enter the first feeding up from vegetables.
On the seventh month it is possible to enter porridge into a feeding up already. The weight of the child increases on average by 600 g.
The norm of an increase in weight at the eight-months child is 550 g. Food, as a rule, five times. In the evening to feeding by a breast the kid is given the ground cottage cheese with milk.
In nine months the child begins to eat meat mash. But everything also remains the main food breast milk. The child's weight this month increases by 500 g.
The tenth month is remarkable what kids usually do not add in growth, but weight increases approximately by 450 g. Evening feeding with a breast at this stage is often replaced with kefir or cottage cheese.
On 400 g the kid in eleven months recovers. And in a year the weight of the child is approximately equal to the trebled weight at the birth.
Table of an increase of weight of the newborn
For convenience the table of norms of an increase of weight of the newborn and growth is given below.