Having appeared in a negative situation or obtaining some unpleasant information, the human body is capable to be discharged of undesirable emotions. For this purpose it starts function of psychological protection.
Self-defense of an organism in a critical situation
It is often possible to observe people who during the unpleasant conversation, critics in their address are discharged of reality: a look in anywhere, sound abstraction, singing under a nose and many other things. Thus the organism hides from negative or uninteresting information. At the same time such protection does not help to solve the arising problems but only it removes them for a while. And the "protected" person looks strange among people around, released from reality.
Among types of psychological protection it is possible be allocated several more widespread: asceticism, omnipotence, replacement, suppression, a transfer, denial and sublimation. Most often children resort to a protective method. They do it involuntarily, just escaping from unpleasant reality.
Types of psychological protection form the scenario of life. The person (child) moves away from reality and completely plunges into "series". Submitting to the hobbies, inventions, the imagined world, it moves away from communication with peers, family members. If in due time not to ask for the help the psychologist, such protection can develop into a mental disease with which to cope much more difficultly, and at times already and late.
Operation of protective mechanisms does not help increase in the normal attitude towards reality, and on the contrary reduces it.
Types of protection and as they are expressed
Replacement - peculiar "bleaching" of memory. An exception of the moments in which there is no desire to participate or unpleasant memoirs which cause pain. The asceticism - such type of protection is expressed by a form of refusal, deprivation of itself of all normal benefits and pleasures. At the same time praise and eminence own "I". During psychological protection the understanding of reality is distorted. Visual, acoustical or temporary perception is turned off.
Uncontrollable ways of protection can lead to further neurosis.
Suppression - in order to avoid symptoms of alarm happens restriction in behavior or thoughts. For example, choice of bright clothes or decor. Preference is more often given violet and blue. Often resort to creation of different rituals, use of amulets for protection. It gives rise to certain phobias. The omnipotence - as protection enters awareness of power over others. The children deprived of attention to their problems resort to such method more often. They try to ego-trip it images and to prove something to people around. Denial - deliberate ignoring of the unpleasant moments. Not to hear and not to see the obvious facts, to completely deny their existence. Such type of protection of an organism against the external environment can be observed at people after a strong shock, accident or the death of the loved one. At the same time everything that does not concern this event, is perceived adequately. In some situations the protection by denial of the facts justifies itself. Without realizing terrible reality, the person can make heroic acts. But it exceptions. Denial of rejection of real problems meets more often. For example, mother does not trust the daughter who was raped by the stepfather only because she does not want to trust in it. Sublimation - transition from one state to another. Sharp replacement of one activity by another. At the same time aggression develops in a peculiar healthy non-conflicting state, for example into creativity. A transfer - movement of the feelings of love or aggression of other person who is more available. It is possible to observe more often how the child, being angry with the adult, splashes out rage on weaker object.