The speech - one of the main tools helping the person to interact with other people. The baby begins to master the speech since eight months. But what to do if your child does not say a set of sounds, necessary for the one-and-a-half-year-old kid, and three-year-old did not start talking? First, you should not compare the child to peers – all children are individual. And secondly, it is necessary to establish the silence reason.
The speech delay reasons at the child two: the first – lack of favorable social conditions for education and pedagogical mistakes. The second does not depend on adults, and is in underdevelopment of neurologic or sensomotor base of the speech of the child. In the first case the child does not own the speech at the necessary level because that enough attention was not paid to it. The child almost did not hear how adults speak, from him performance of the skills corresponding to its age was not required. But also hyper guardianship can cause a speech delay. If all desires of the child are guessed in advance, then he has no need to talk. The second reason which is not depending on education methods could arise till the child's birth, for example, a fruit hypoxia during pregnancy of mother or a pre-natal infectious disease. Also the patrimonial trauma, serious illnesses, blood transfusion, surgeries at the child about one year, a problem with hearing and others belong to the possible reasons. In what cases it is possible to make to the child the diagnosis of an arrest of development of the speech? If the child refuses to repeat words and expressions after adults, does not react to a request to repeat a phrase, does not execute simple commands "give a cube", "descend on kitchen", "bring a doll". Does not ask adults for the help, and everything prefers to do independently. Does not try to explain to adults the desires and thoughts. At communication does not do a difference between family members and strangers. That get to talking the taciturn person, it is possible to spend years. And without the assistance of the logopedist not to manage. But there are several not difficult rules which parents of the child at whom the speech arrest of development observes have to carry out. Solve a problem it is necessary to begin as soon as possible, without postponing. If to begin the adjusting program from two to five years, that is every chance that to school the child will exorcise according to age. After six years the child will be very difficult to be helped. And the lack of the speech at such age bears for itself serious problems and great difficulties at school. It is impossible to press not the child and to demand persistently from him that he pronounced some word. Pressure negatively is reflected in mobile children's mentality, and as a result the child becomes reserved even more. Place emphasis on those sounds which well turn out at the child. To try to repeat as often as possible in communication those words which he is able to say. To pay much attention to fine motor skills is a finger-type gymnastics, a molding from clay and plasticine, a game with beads, buttons and in the designer. The most important is to be as it is possible closer to the child. For classes to choose hours when the child is quiet, and parents have no urgent matters. The situation caused to track that nobody disturbed, and at the child feeling of safety. If your child does not talk, you should not panic, at the correct approach there is every chance that the problem forever will remain in the early childhood.