Buckwheat — a product which each hostess has in kitchen. This nutritious and useful grain promotes not only to maintenance of health, but also helps to shape up.
For this reason this product is so loved by athletes.
Caloric content, vitamins and minerals
Paradox, but buckwheat cereal is capable not only to sate, but also to help to lose weight, and all thanks to the insignificant caloric content. In 100 g of a ready-made product of only 110 kcal. Crude product three times kaloriyny. Despite this, it is saturated with proteins and complex carbohydrates which sate an organism, but do not load. Here completely there are no fast carbohydrates, and they in a large number can become the reason of increase in level of sugar in blood.
Also already ready porridge (in 100 g) contains cellulose, more than 1 g of fats, it is a lot of carbohydrates (21 g) and proteins.
Porridge is saturated with substances, important for health of an organism, but nevertheless you should not keep to buckwheat diets long. In a boiled look we are reached not much by those useful elements, for example, in a ready portion we have vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B4, B9), E, calcium and iron. The product the fact that gland in an organism almost for 50% of day norm resupplies is good.
Important! In an organism iron which is in food of animal origin is easier acquired. Therefore it is better for vegetarians to resupply this element by means of additional resources.
As a part of a buckwheat is also routines — substance which has vitamin activity and also such important components as iodine, phosphorus, calcium and oxalic acid — these mineral substances are simply irreplaceable for good health.
Types of buckwheat
Buyers seldom consider the description of buckwheat which is taken from shelves, most often pay attention only to the price. And it is wrong as the amount of useful substances in it depends on a type of buckwheat.
What types happen:
- unground buckwheat;
- fast-growing unground buckwheat;
- fast-growing passed;
- Smolensk buckwheat;
Accurate, integral kernels of buckwheat the most useful, but also the most expensive, is an unground buckwheat. She is three grades (first, second, third), these grains which are not steamed separate them from an outer sheath through a special sieve. Fast-growing unground buckwheat differs from usual in the fact that grains before sale process the ferry because of what a part of useful substances is lost. Unground buckwheat is good the fact that it is easier to wash out it. Also on a plate it looks more esthetic — integral kernels will not turn into slush.
Passed has no grades — process this look as well as unground buckwheat, only as a result looks differently: kernels can be shattered or split. Fast-growing passed before sale undergoes steam treatment. This look is used more often for admixture of grain to forcemeat, chock, to baked puddings as porridge turns out from it more gentle and softer.
Learn more about properties and ways of preparation of grain: kinoa, corn, pearl barley, rice.
The Smolensk buckwheat can be recognized by a bigger izmelchennost of grains. From it porridges purees turn out that is good for small children as such food is acquired much more simply. And flour, respectively, is completely shattered — is good for pastries.
Important! Buckwheat is unpretentious to growth conditions therefore it is one of the few grain which is considered as eco-friendly and are never processed by hazardous substances.
Ways of processing of grain also are different:
- fried (habitual brown grits);
- steamed (has lighter color);
- green (the most natural as was not exposed to any processing in general).
Advantage for an organism
Buckwheat really useful grain, is especially good it for those who go to gym and want to build up muscle bulk as soon as possible. Young and old — porridge promotes good digestion and fast assimilation. Has such properties:
- helps to refill necessary balance of proteins and amino acids in an organism;
- ensures stable functioning of nervous system;
- helps a liver to work better;
- does capillaries by stronger;
- normalizes work of intestines;
- reduces amount of cholesterol;
- helps to secure an organism against development of puffiness, arthritis and rheumatism;
- creates support for immunity and purifies blood (at the expense of folic acid);
- prevents increase in amount of sugar in blood.
We advise to read about the vitamins necessary for work of nervous system, a liver, immunity, heart and vessels.
Buckwheat contains in structure flavonoids — the substances capable to protect an organism from development of cancer. Also reduces risk of developing of blood clots and cardiovascular diseases.
The male body for normal functioning needs a large amount of proteins, and buckwheat is just capable to fill up their quantity. This grain will not cure impotence, but will help to prevent its emergence in the future. It will protect an organism from deterioration in work of genitals of men including from diseases of urinary tract.
Learn what vitamins are necessary for the man for reproductive health, especially when planning pregnancy.
Women very much watch appearance, and it directly depends on health. Therefore for appearance nails, hair and skin buckwheat will approach as well as possible.
Folic acid is extraordinary important for the correct development of a fruit therefore advise pregnant women as much as possible to include this grain in the diet. It prevents emergence of defects, but also its components participate in DNA synthesis. Also grain will help to overcome puffiness which so often meets at pregnant women — excess liquid will be removed from an organism in the natural way much more effectively.
Read also about advantage of vitamins for pregnant women and also the vitamins necessary for health of the woman and her beauty: hair (A, E), nails, face skin (And, E),
This grain is advised the first to enter to start a feeding up of babies as it has substances, important for development of a small organism, and is easily transferred. The antioxidants which are a part of a product will help the child to protect the immunity and from early age will provide good health. Calcium will protect milk teeth and will positively influence growth and development of constants.
Whether you know? Buckwheat and sugar — incompatible products as sugar neutralizes useful components of grain.
How to choose buckwheat upon purchase
The basic rules will help to choose the best grain with shop:
- packing has to be integral — then it is possible to be sure that together with buckwheat you will not bring home living creatures;
- pay attention not only to the price, but also to weight — the reduced cost often a marketing mix;
- appearance: grains of the identical size, without impurity;
- the is lighter, the more usefully as such grain is not processed in addition by steam;
- all kernels have to be identical color, otherwise in packing the mixture of several grades is possible, and in the course of cooking they will behave differently;
- the buckwheat smell (if we speak about purchase by weight) has to be inherent in this grain, without excess impurity.
How to store grain in house conditions
It is the is best of all all useful properties of buckwheat will remain in a glass or plastic jar with a cover — the smell so will not disappear and in grain the living creatures will not be got. It is necessary to contain containers with grain in the dry, dark, sometimes aired place. You should not store buckwheat longer than 8 months — all useful substances will lose value after this time.
Main conditions for storage:
- temperature is not above +18 °C;
- humidity up to 60%;
- tight ware;
- lack of direct hit of sunshine.
If you noticed that grain somehow changed — the smell exchanged, insects appeared — it is impossible to use it more even if to wash out.
What can be prepared and what it is combined with
The first and simplest grain dish — porridge. And here ways of its preparation can be much: to cook, extinguish, steam, green kernels even fry. From this grain tasty cutlets, baked puddings and salads turn out.
This product practically is combined with everything — it is possible to make with vegetables, with meat and gravy buckwheat in general is considered the most tasty dish. Also the menu can diversify and add any seafood to porridge — it will be tasty, nourishing and it is very useful. A dish known to all athletes — buckwheat with chicken brisket and fresh salad. The best breakfast and lunch. And for dinner instead of brisket it is the best of all to take a white small fish or to bake a stake of a salmon: food will quickly be acquired and will not become the reason of extra kilos.
Those who does not use animal products can replace them with the mushrooms stewed with onions, or vegetables, both crude, and ready.
For breakfasts buckwheat cereal with milk is good — nourishingly and it is useful. Instead of milk quite often use kefir or curdled milk. Such dish will be suitable for those who want to lose weight. Use grain and for preparation of soups.
Whether you know? In China, buckwheat flour is used for preparation of liqueurs, chocolate and jam.
Contraindications and harm
It is impossible to abuse this product and to keep to buckwheat diets. Grain has to supplement a diet. It is forbidden to eat it to people with intolerance of buckwheat. Also there are some diseases at which buckwheat is undesirable:
- renal failure;
For the rest buckwheat — a universal and irreplaceable product which not only will help to overcome quickly hunger but also will positively affect an organism, maintaining health at the appropriate level.