Fruit medlar: where grows and than it is useful

Fruit medlar: where grows and than it is useful

Usually hostesses trust traditional fruit which are checked by time, ustaivat to taste and ways of their application in cookery are known. Often missing an opportunity to learn and try not less useful, earlier not seen copies. For example, mysterious fruit a medlar – valuable, original, with huge vitamin structure.

Medlar – a low tree or a bush of family pink. An evergreen decorative or fruit look which is often used in a landscape decor on a personal plot. There are many grades and versions including for cultivation of the house. This only fruit plant which yields a harvest during the winter and spring period.

Where the medlar grows

China, India, Central Asia is considered its homeland though the first mentions came from Ancient Greece. There cultivated a fruit look for the medical purposes and ate. After steel landed as a green hedge which besides blew as pleasant aroma of almonds and was pleasing to the eye the originality. To the Caucasus delivered young saplings for an experiment on survival.

Two types of this plant - Japanese and German are generally cultivated. Despite similarity on the content of nutrients and invaluable advantage for an organism, they differ on productivity and the description.

Japanese (Lokva or Shesek) - begins to blossom late fall and yields the first harvest at the beginning of summer. Bright orange balsas remind apricots, have the mixed sweetish smack of pear-plum-sweet cherry.

German (chishka) - blossoms in the early spring. Harvesting is the share of late fall, is closer to winter. Round berries of a brownish color, have the created sepals on a top. Tart and sour taste therefore for its improvement it is recommended to freeze them slightly. Meets in the Crimea, Iran, and, as a rule, it is a low bush with the extended leaves.

Both plants are unpretentious to the soil, prefer solar sites of a garden and plentiful watering during growth. During blossoming and maturing, watering is recommended to be reduced. The medlar can breed self-sowing, shanks or a scion on other fruit-trees. For fans of exotic there is a way to grow up a sapling in house conditions.

How to grow up houses

Stage-by-stage action:

  • As important condition for landing serves the condition of a stone. It has to be dense, brilliant, without visible gray spots. Not less day is recommended to keep it in manganese water, having slightly rubbed a cover an emery paper (for the best viability).
  • Then it is necessary to pave the way: mix peat, sand, the sheet earth in a proportion 1-1-2.
  • For landing which has to correspond to the chosen form of future plant to place an expanded clay layer (1 cm) in capacity and to fill up the prepared soil.
  • On the center to bury a sunflower seed at 8 cm, to slightly press down the soil, to water plentifully. Hold on a warm, solar windowsill before emergence of a sprout, then it is necessary to pritenit that it got stronger.
  • After emergence of two leaflets to rearrange in the sun again. At night to highlight a pot additional light. The earth in capacity is warmer, the quicker the sprout will take roots.

Small cunning – if to take a long tray, to land all stones at once (with an interval of 5 cm), then after germination it will be possible to seat them separately. At once to prishchipnut tops for a kustistost or to remove side branches for growth in height.

Useful properties

On the studied impacts on an organism it is possible to note the following: the anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, antioxidant and toning action.

Consumption of pulp helps to normalize digestion, to eliminate disorders of intestines, to remove toxins and excess liquid. Broths and tinctures promote elimination of symptoms of asthma, suppress bleeding, purify leather from an acne.

Application of leaves in various combinations helps to reduce arterial blood pressure, sugar, risk of development of oncology. Besides, the extract of leaves by furriers for tanning of a skin of animals is often used.

Also stones don't remain unaddressed. Powder from the fried and ground seeds has the toning effect, to taste is very similar to chicory. However it is necessary to consider that a few hazardous substances are a part and excessive consumption of such drink can cause allergic reactions.

To whom the medlar is contraindicated

Despite useful properties, there is a number of contraindications. If in the anamnesis the following diseases are detected: stomach ulcer, gastritis, cholecystitis, an allergy, irritations on skin, eczema, is better to exclude it from the menu. Besides, pregnant women and the feeding women, small children shouldn't eat. However, if to make jam, compote, dried fruits or smoothie, then small amounts it is possible to include in a diet of such patients.

Caloric content

Fresh fruits contain only 47 kcal on a portion of 100 grams. On energy value the product contains: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, in the following proportion: 0.5-0.3-10.5. Besides, enter: large amount of vitamins (especially vitamin A), macro and minerals, apple and lemon acids, tannins, ions of metals, cellulose.

Tasty mushmulovy jam

The following components will be necessary for preparation:

  • "Japanese" - 1.5 kg;
  • sugar – 0.5 kg;
  • lemon – 1 piece;
  • cinnamon – 1 stick;
  • drinking water – 300 ml.

Step-by-step management:

  • Wash up fruit in flowing water, dry on a napkin.
  • Remove a skin, slice, remove sunflower seeds.
  • In a pan to pour in water, to squeeze out juice from a lemon, to add sugar, to weld syrup.
  • Lower a cinnamon stick, fill up fruit, bring to the boil.
  • Remove a skin and cook on slow fire within 20 minutes.
  • Remove from a plate and stand five - seven hours. Then to repeat process 3 – 4 times until mix thickens.

Important – not to allow rough boiling of syrup and in due time to remove all skin.

Fragrant jam is ready.

Smoothie dessert with nutlets

The simplest option of preparation in house conditions. Try to prepare together with kids.

Ingredients for 3 portions:

  • medlar – 500 g;
  • honey – 1 tsp;
  • nuts – 50 g.

Stage-by-stage process of preparation:

  • Prepare fruits – to wash out, rind, cut around, to take out bones and to put in a blender bowl.
  • Add other ingredients to contents and shake up at a high speed to uniform consistence. 
  • Pour in portion glasses and give to a table. It is possible to add whipped cream to taste.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team