The specific sweet-sour taste of a kiwi generated to it the ambiguous relation of consumers. Some neglect fruit, others find in it unique notes, and the third in general extol on top of all useful and edible variety of plant origin. What represents this small fruit with a fleecy thin skin as far as it is useful and harmful to the person of any age and how many kiwis can be eaten in day — in all these aspects we will try to place points over "і" further in article.
Caloric content and chemical composition
For some reason always, when ripe berry of a kiwi catches sight, there is insuperable desire to eat it. So occurs because the human body is the self-regulating mechanism which prompts to consciousness about the requirements. And in a case with this unique fruit the similar impulses are very predictable and explainable as it is the real well of vitamins and minerals without which the human body cannot fully develop.
To understand, the kiwi fruit is how useful or harmful, it is important to understand how many in it celluloses, proteins, fats and carbohydrates and also of what nutrients it consists. We will also begin with it. And not to be unfounded, we will use results of laboratory researches of scientists.
Whether you know? Initially surprising berry was called "the Chinese gooseberry" that was explained by its habitat. But soon the fruit received another, the name, habitual for us, which is in consonance also the New Zealand wingless bird. And all because of their similarity. Fruit, as well as an animal, has small rounded shape, and his fleecy thin skin very much reminds bird's feathers that are rather similar to wool.
So, as a part of a hundred-gram portion of a kiwi were found:
- potassium (312 mg);
- calcium (34 mg);
- magnesium (17 mg);
- manganese (0.098 mg);
- iron (0.31 mg);
- phosphorus (34 mg);
- zinc (0.14 mg);
- ascorbic acid (vitamin C) — 92.7 mg;
- thiamine (B1 vitamin) — 0.027 mg;
- Riboflavinum (B2 vitamin) — 0.025 mg;
- niatsin (B3 vitamin) — 0.341 mg;
- pyridoxine (B6 vitamin) — 0.63 mg;
- folatsin (B9 vitamin) — 25 mkg.
In addition a set of the major chemicals, in the analyzed portion of berries there are about 9 g of sugars, 15 g of carbohydrates, 0.5 g of fats and 1.14 g of proteins. It is indicative that the weight of one large fruit is equal to 100 grams. Eating it, the person at once receives a complex of all bodies of nutritious components, necessary for the correct functioning. At the same time scientists calculated caloric content within 61 Kcal on 100 grams of fresh kiwis.
Whether you know? Today on the world map China where about 55 percent of total number of fruits are grown up is considered the largest producer of a kiwi. The People's Republic of China is followed by Italy and New Zealand with the corresponding indicators — 13.7; 11, 7 percent.
Than it is useful to a kiwi to a human body
The balanced and nutritious structure of fruits very well influences work of all bodies in a human body. The containing vitamins, micro and macrocells promote reduction of risk of developing of malignant tumors, cardiovascular diseases, obesity and thrombophlebitis. Besides, physicians consider that people who regularly consume a kiwi practically do not turn gray.
Irrespective of age and sex of the consumer, berry purifies his blood from cholesterol, strengthens vessels, prevents development of an urolithic disease, osteochondrosis and a number of other popular diseases. This unique product is obligatory in a diet of everyone, especially in cold and crude season when risks of catarrhal (viral) infections increase. One fruit a day is enough to enrich an organism with nutrients and to increase its protective functions.
Important! Upon purchase of a kiwi give preference to copies of average hardness. It is sign of ripeness and excellent taste. If berry possesses very dense pulp — it green, too soft — resung. Besides it is easy to determine the overripe fruits by outgoing specific wine aroma. You should not buy samples with dark violet or grayish stains on a peel. It is an obvious sign of the begun rotting.
Kiwi berries do not need to be perceived as a panacea from all diseases at all — they can bring benefit and harm for men and women of any age. Let's understand all this one after another.
Probably, in each average family the wife quite often accuses the husband of lack of will and laziness. Physicians about it consider that similar manifestations and weakness can be provoked by deficiency of vitamins therefore recommend to use every day at least on one kiwi. This product will increase resistance to stress, will help to overcome without serious consequences physical and intellectual activities and also will have beneficial influence on a reproductive system of the man. Experts connect such effect with establishing blood circulation and strengthening of vessels. As a result, as an additional bonus, men receive the raised libido and excellent potency.
Learn more about useful properties of an exotic lime and Pamela.
Complex vitaminization for a female body plays an important role throughout all life. It not only its beauty, and and health. Special sharpness these aspects gather during birth and a climax when in all bodies there is a global reorganization. Change of a hormonal background affects exchange processes that after itself conducts series of troubles. The kiwi as they contain all important substances will help to cope with similar processes.
Whether you know? Kiwis, habitual for us, are a fruit of long experiments of the New Zealand botanists. 80 years ago the plant was perceived as wild and absolutely inedible. The first berries which scientists managed to receive as a result of selection work weighed about 30 g.
Knowing what vitamins contain in a kiwi, you are simply obliged to enter it into the daily diet. Especially if it is about the periods of pregnancy and a lactation. Due to a large amount of folic acid the product is irreplaceable at complications of incubation of a fruit. But even, if pregnancy proceeds well, this component is very useful as it takes participation in processes of formation of a brain of the kid and calms nervous system of mother. Bol of that, berry is characterized by antioxidant qualities that is important for women who suffer from toxicoses. But do not forget that at uncontrolled eating and in cases of the serious deviations accompanying pregnancy in work of a digestive tract, advantage of a kiwi will be much less, than harm.
When the breastfeeding period begins, it is not necessary to refuse sweet-sour delicacy. Many mummies are afraid that berry can provoke allergic reaction at the baby. On what physicians advise to be very cautious only in cases when during pregnancy you did not use a kiwi. Allergens are only unfamiliar products.
Important! Having seen on a counter "besshersty" kiwis with absolutely smooth thin skin, be not frightened. It is not sign of GMO or low-quality berry at all. it is a new grade of "GOLD" that differs in the appearance which was more expressed by pleasant taste and, of course, the price.
For weight loss
The advantage of a kiwi for weight loss is demonstrated by its low caloric content, plentiful amount of the cellulose which is contained in fruit, ability to normalize exchange processes and to split fats. Moreover, the dietary fruit has laxative effect. The one who tried a kiwi in practice gives it a positive assessment, noting high effectiveness. Nutritionists advise sweet teeth to replace with berry rich pastries and candies. Thus, the person dreaming of a slim figure will be full, his organism will receive necessary amount of vitamins and minerals that will help to save skin from an otvisaniye and flabbiness.
For obtaining desirable effect it is not necessary to pass to a fruit diet completely. Experts consider that growing thin to eat enough no more than 3 fruits a day. And it is desirable to do it as having a snack between meals.
Kiwi, having fallen into hands of the good hostess, will not be gone. She will manage to use it for strengthening of health of the family and for own beauty. Let's consider in more detail where and how to apply the ekzot.
Important! It is extremely undesirable to use berry for preparation of milkshakes. In such neighbourhood the emitted enzyme of an aktinidiya will play a dirty trick with a dish, having made its taste bitter and unpleasant.
The exotic fruit easily gives in to culinary processing, keeping the tastes. It can be used fresh as a part of fruit salads and soups and also in the dried or frozen look. Many of berry do juice, cocktails, smoothie, jellies and even use for a stuffing in pies. The real gourmets share recipes of various desserts, konservation, wines and liqueurs.
In cosmetology: recipes of masks
The kiwi helps to keep youth, its pulp tones up, humidifies and carefully looks after skin. It is possible to be convinced of it immediately. For preparation of a vivifying mask even the preparations of culinary masterpieces which remained later fruit scraps will fit.
Similar cosmetology means will be useful to women with tired skin at strong indications of its aging and also to owners of fat and problem epidermis. The masks given below will not prevent also young beauties who care for the body and health.
Whether you know? Once long ago kiwis were called "monkey peaches" in China that is connected with their fleecy thin skin. But despite of so rough name, fruits were very much appreciated by local emperors. And all because they were used only as aphrodisiac.
Mask from a kiwi for problem skin.
Preparation of means requires pulp of one fruit. It can be crushed manually or by means of the blender. After that put the received weight on a face and leave on minutes 10 – 15. If desired it is possible to add auxiliary components in the form of crude poppy grains (no more than 1 teaspoon). A mask for normalization of work of sebaceous glands.
Having mashed pulp of one berry, add to it mix from polished horse-radish and small cut lemon. All ingredients have to be added in equal portions.
Alternatively it is possible to replace horse-radish and a lemon with the beaten egg white and green cosmetic clay (about 2 tablespoons are required). Also for improvement of effect will not prevent to add a teaspoon of olive oil to mix.
Mask for sensitive and dry skin.
Means is preparing by analogy for above-mentioned of the kneaded kiwi. Add either 2 tablespoons of gentle home-made cottage cheese, or 1 tablespoon of fat sour cream to the received weight.
It is important! In order that green fruits kept up quicker, they need to be put near bananas or apples.
The rejuvenating mask.
If on your face there are no reddened capillaries, it is possible to connect the pulp which is brought down on the blender from 2 fruits from 30 g of liquid honey (in case of crystallization several minutes on a steam bath are desirable to take it). In the absence of the pcheloprodukt it is possible to mix equal parts crushed by the blender or polished kiwis, pear, apple and persimmon.
How to choose upon purchase
Unlike wild fruits, today's high-quality kiwis reach in the weight of 80 - 100 g/piece. But when choosing fruits the experts advise to be guided not only by their sizes, appearance, and and by hardness.
It is desirable to make purchases in fruit and vegetable departments of supermarkets and to avoid street dealers. In the last option risks are very high that will palm off on you the low-quality or spoiled product. And the probability to buy the "chemical bomb" which is grown up with a large amount of pesticides or stuffed with antibiotics for the best storage is high.
The most tasty will sense kiwis slightly soft, flavourless, with a uniform brown peel (it can be dependent on a grade fleecy or not).
Whether you know? The kiwi always yields a good harvest. It is connected with unpretentiousness of a plant and with the special attitude towards him of harmful insects. Wreckers are afraid of it and avoid.
To be convinced of high quality of the berries which attracted to you, press down each of them on the place of a fruit stem. It is better not to take copies in which when testing liquid was emitted. In good fruits nothing similar has to be.
As, when and how many it is possible to eat
That you did not prepare from marvelous New Zealand fruit, do not forget about its recommended standard daily rate. According to physicians, the healthy person can eat 2–3 berries, it is the best of all without preliminary cleaning. The fact is that as a part of a peel useful antioxidants are much concentrated. Besides there it is much more some chemical elements, than in ripe pulp.
Be not afraid of the trimmed thin skin. Before consumption of berry it is necessary to wash carefully then a knife it is accurate to scrape off from them hairs and again to wash under flowing water. Now it is possible to cut and eat.
If to do it at meal time, unpleasant heavy feelings in a stomach and heartburn are possible. To avoid similar, eat a kiwi for half an hour to or after meal.
Whether you know? Kiwi very unique plant: its rod lives in water in the summer and during active development consumes about 5 liters of liquid a day, and fruits continue to grow and ripen even after removal from branches.
How to store in house conditions
If you plan long storage of the ekzot, then it is the best of all to freeze it. And for short-term saving of berries it is possible to use room conditions or the fridge. It is characteristic that in all cases the fruits will be to the same extent useful and tasty, keeping all the vitamins and minerals. An exception are only the cut kiwis — already in a day on a surface of green segments there will be bacteria which will accelerate processes of oxidation and rotting.
For successful storage of exotic berries always leave them in an open container or put in the punched plastic bags. A kiwi plentiful access of oxygen is important. Before laying of a product in the fridge attentively examine it regarding a gray-brown raid that demonstrates rotting. It is better to throw out such copies as they are not suitable for the food purposes.
To enjoy true taste of a fruit, it is important to arrange it in the right place (in the fridge or just in kitchen). Nearby there should not be nothing strongly smelling as kiwis very quickly absorb third-party smells. For the ekzot temperature from 0 to + 9 °C and humidity of air of 90 - 95% is considered ideal. In such conditions to enjoy useful delicacy you will be able for 3 months. If temperature of storage appears in the range of +10 - 15 °C, then berries will be spoiled in one or one and a half months. Only the sharp difference of temperature condition can accelerate this process.
Important! Do not wash some berry before a bookmark them on storage in the fridge at all. It becomes only in freezing cases. Otherwise the product long will not lie.
Contraindications and harm
Despite of the fact that the kiwi is a well of useful substances, necessary for the person, berry can do much harm. Contraindications concern consumers with the following diseases:
- gastritis at the increased acidity in an organism;
- ulcers of digestive bodies;
- inflammatory processes in digestive tract;
- the aggravated forms of renal diseases (fruits very juicy that increases load of a secretory system);
- food poisonings (berry has light laxative effect and can provoke dehydration);
- allergic reactions (the first sign is skin rash, the reddened throat and language).
If the product causes at you unpleasant pain or provokes emergence of allergic symptomatology, then it is better to refuse and be examined from it by the doctor. Development of an illness about which you do not know yet is quite probable.
For the healthy person berry in moderate quantities will render only advantage. Small children as a feeding up need to enter it gradually and, of course, in the cleaned and homogenized look. And here cleaning is not necessary to adults. You already know whether the kiwi can eat with a peel and as it is correct to do it. God bless you, eat only the most tasty and qualitative fruits!