Fruits of a grapevine are familiar to people from an extreme antiquity — it was the first berry which the mankind learned to use not only in the raw, but also to make of it juice, alcoholic beverages, thickened must, to apply in a dried look. Grape juice is the real well of substances, useful to an organism. In article we will consider, than this natural product, its structure and features of the use at different states is useful and also medicinal properties of juice of a grapevine.
Caloric content and chemical composition
Caloric content of a fresh product is 54 kcal / 100. For tinned natural not podslashchyonny drink this indicator raises a little — up to 60 kcal / 100. Low caloric content does possible its application in various diets and clinical nutrition.
- proteins — 0.3 g;
- fats — 0 g;
- carbohydrates — 14 g.
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy maintaining our activity and working capacity during the day therefore uglevodosoderzhashchy products recommend to use for a breakfast.
In grapes they are presented by sucrose and fructose: these are so-called "fast carbohydrates". They provide good intellectual activity, also, for example, as well as chocolate.
Low caloric content characterizes also such juice as garnet, lemon, pear.
The chemical composition is not too vitamin-rich, but it contains a large amount of manganese — 12% of standard daily rate in 100 g of a product. Manganese participates in blood formation process, promotes regeneration of fabrics and formation of new cages.
Chemical composition of grape juice
The name macro - or a microcell
Contents in 100 g of a product
% of standard daily rate
Important! The excess amount of heavy metals is harmful to an organism. So, norm of manganese — 2 mg a day. At excess of this quantity there is a drowsiness, memory worsens, the fatigue increases.
Advantage of grape juice
Juice of grapes is for 80% the water saturated with organic acids, vitamins and minerals therefore in nutritional literature it is possible to meet its comparison with mineral water. It contains over 150 biologically active agents. Basic feature of juice — fast intake of useful substances in blood and its saturation necessary micro and macrocells.
Among useful properties of juice of grapes:
- improvement of composition of blood — the increased amount of hemoglobin and erythrocytes of blood;
- strengthening of processes of a krovoobrazovaniye;
- clarification and normalization of composition of blood;
- active participation in exchange processes of an organism;
- removal of slags, toxins and carcinogens from an organism;
- improvement of work of a myocardium;
- favors to recovery of nervous system after stresses and diseases;
- decrease in level of cholesterol in blood.
For health of an organism
Irrespective of a grapes grade, juice sates an organism with energy. Drink from light grades contains more iron and more is suitable for prevention and treatment of pathologies of a system of blood formation. The product received from dark grades has more pronounced antioxidant properties and can be applied to cleaning of an organism of slags, normalization of level of acidity, cleaning of a liver. Dark grades protect an organism from free radicals, prevent development of oncological diseases.
Physicians note beneficial influence of juice on work of intestines, brain activity and also its antiviral and antibacterial qualities. The glass of drink after intensive physical activity will allow to take off muscular fatigue and to reduce a pain syndrome.
This property is especially useful for athletes and those who are busy with physical work.
Whether you know? The first written data on medicinal properties of grapes contain in the Egyptian papyrus of Ebers (the XVII century BC). In 1300 after it in works of ancient Greeks (Hippocrates, Teofrast) the medical qualities peculiar to 300 various grades of grapes are described.
For the person
Active components of a product are deeply capable to get into skin, thereby activating various exchange processes. So, organic acids and minerals promote cell regeneration and do possible its use in cosmetology. Among cosmetology properties note:
- the rejuvenating and wound healing effect (beta carotene);
- protection of skin against aggressive factors of the external environment (folic acid);
- moistening of the top layer of epidermis (potassium);
- stabilization of exchange processes (biotin);
- the toning effect (essential oils).
Organic acids are the peculiar soft peeling which is rejuvenating skin, removing inflammation and eliminating dryness of an integument. The vitamin C which is contained in drink is capable to rejuvenate skin and to have antibacterial effect.
Learn, than grapes for an organism are useful and contraindicated and also, learn in what advantage and harm of grapes for the woman's organism.
Extract of grapes is a part of many cosmetics, most often it is masks. Their main objective — reduction of inflammations, elimination of defects of skin and its regeneration. For obtaining steady results of a mask do by a course of 5-10 procedures.
During change of seasons they are capable to reduce impact of cold and city dust by epidermis.
Medicinal properties of juice of a grapevine
Less widespread among wood juice, than, for example, birch, but also very useful — juice from a grapevine (pasok). It is very simple to bring together him — to cut off escape enough and to collect rod "tear" in bank or other capacity. From one escape it is possible to collect 3 l of a product.
Among its useful properties:
- antibacterial and disinfecting;
It is applied to removal of warts, disinfecting of the site of skin struck cutting lishayom do compresses for the night for sore joints. Pasoka is capable to improve sight, to remove inflammation of eyes, burning. For this purpose one tablespoon before food within a month suffices. For removal of sand and stones at an urolithic disease juice of a rod is mixed with wine in a proportion 1:3 and used on 1 tablespoon 3 r / in day within 2–3 weeks. To get rid of slags and toxins and also to improve an intestines vermicular movement, it is recommended to use a product on ¼ glasses 3 times a day within 22 days.
Juice not only will improve work of a stomach, but also will reduce puffiness and will bring stones out of kidneys. It can cure hemorrhoids — for this purpose to use 30 ml of a pasoka for half an hour to food within a month enough.
From the cosmetology point of view, the pasoka can remove freckles, warts, to reduce inflammations of the skin. The dry and injured hair can be improved thanks to a mask from a pasoka and olive oil which is rubbed in head skin and also on length of locks.
It will strengthen hair and will serve as a preventive measure at a hair loss.
Whether it is possible to drink
The term "ampeloterapiya" designates treatment by grapes. The word is formed from the Greek words "ampelos" — grapes, and "therapeia" — treatment. Still ancient Greeks, Dioskorid, Tsels, Pliny the Elder, describing properties of grapes, noted that it it is possible and it is necessary to drink. They pointed to property of juice to heal damages of a mucous membrane of a mouth, febrifugal properties at catarrhal diseases, efficiency at treatment of wounds of berries and leaves, property to reduce puffiness and to normalize a metabolism.
Greeks also noted that the expedient daily medical dose of juice should not exceed 1.2 kg. It is connected with property of heavy metals (for example, gland) to collect in an organism and to cause oppression of nervous system, fatigue at excess of standard daily rate.
Whether you know? The research conducted by the University of Illinois showed that the structure of 100% of grape juice prevents damage of DNA and blocks effect of carcinogens. This property not only blocks the substances causing cancer but also is capable to slow down development of already available disease.
At pregnancy and breastfeeding
Despite a set of useful properties, grapes are not recommended in a diet of pregnant women, especially in the last trimester. Reasons for this purpose a little:
- glucose strengthens gas generation in intestines that increases pressure upon a uterus and creates discomfort to a fruit;
- active agents of grapes promote growth of a fruit, but it can become a problem during patrimonial activity — not all are capable to give birth to the large kid without complications for themselves;
- carbohydrates promote a fast set of weight that at hormonal imbalance of an organism of the woman during pregnancy is extremely undesirable.
At the initial stage and during planning grape juice will be useful the antioxidant properties and ability to clarification of an organism.
Important! Nonseasonal grapes are not recommended to the use by pregnant women because is exposed to industrial processing for the purpose of maintaining presentation. It can provoke an allergy or food poisoning.
At pancreatitis, gastritis, stomach ulcer
Answering a question of whether grape juice is useful to people with GIT diseases, it is necessary to consider its main properties — existence in composition of organic acids and glucose. The acidity of drink makes impossible its use by people with pancreatitis, gastritis and stomach ulcer, especially if the disease is in an aggravation stage. Besides, grapes are powerful allergen that also has to be considered at catering services of the patient.
Thus, the following factors are the reasons for the ban:
- organic acids which irritate mucous membranes aggravate inflammatory process;
- glucose when splitting promotes swelling of intestines and strengthens fermentation processes;
- probability of emergence of allergic reaction is high.
Grapes and products from it are strictly forbidden at any diseases of digestive tract before steady remission of a disease. In this stage fruit juice can be drunk in the volume which is not exceeding 50 ml a day and only according to the recommendation of the attending physician.
Perhaps, the doctor will recommend drink in the diluted look. Such product is easier transferred and does not limit receipt of active components in an organism.
At a hypertension
The research of influence of grape juice on an organism at a hypertension includes several directions:
- antioxidant properties;
- diuretic properties.
Grapes have good antioxidant properties. Elevated pressure blocks production of antioxidants an organism that leads to a zashlakovannost, deterioration in properties of vessels and development of diseases of a cardiovascular system.
Antioxidants of grape juice promote production of the enzymes directed to strengthening of walls of vessels, improvement of their elasticity. It contributes to normalization of pressure.
Diuretic properties of juice reduce amount of liquid in an organism, reduce puffiness and also promote decrease in high arterial blood pressure. Pressure decrease thanks to the use of juice is the result of improvement of work of a cardiovascular system.
Grape juice contains flavonoids and polyphenols which influence normalization HELL.
Whether you know? The research of properties of grape juice conducted by the University of Michigan showed that control group of mice to which fed grapes, and group which was given medications got rid of pathologies in work of heart. The difference is that consumption of grapes took place without side effects.
Grape juice influences an organism at the cellular level. At the same time work of many systems of an organism including cardiovascular is normalized.
Contraindications and harm
As well as any product, grape juice is useful not to all.
Among those to whom it is undesirable, the following groups of people:
- pregnant women;
- women in the period of a lactation;
- people with gastrointestinal diseases in a sharp form;
- patients with violations in work of a liver and kidneys;
- kids up to 2 years;
- persons inclined to an allergy to grapes.
Grapes are not recommended to pregnant women and people with GIT diseases because of processes of fermentation and gas generation. Organic acids will strengthen inflammatory processes at patients and to cause exacerbation of gastritis, stomach ulcer or intestines. The same concerns also patients with pancreatitis. The feeding mothers cannot use grapes or its juice as the increased glucose content in breast milk causes gripes and swelling of intestines in the kid.
Those who has no contraindications can drink safely grapes juice in the mornings. It is extremely useful to an organism, and its efficiency is proved by numerous medical researches.