injury of a knee joint there is a number of cases when complete recovery of functionality and elimination of pain can give only surgery. Most often patients whose knees are injured by osteoarthritis resort to such method of treatment. At its development there is a full thinning of a knee cartilage, and at neglect of a disease – full deleting and coarsening. Also on an articulate surface outgrowths can be formed that leads to friction of bones. Such state causes constant pains, restriction of mobility, a tumor and so forth.
The main indications to replacement of a knee joint are rheumatoid arthritises, gout, hemophilia, a bone dysplasia, avaskulyarny necrosis. Besides the listed above indications, replacement of a joint can be required at serious traumatizing, injury, deformation of a knee.
Besides, such exit is offered by surgeons to the patients in the presence at the last a strong pain syndrome, tumors, the expressed limitation of its mobility, full or partial loss of former flexibility. It should be noted that carrying out such surgery is a last resort therefore resort to it only when conservative treatment is not able to bring positive dynamics in overcoming an illness.
Today replacement of a knee joint in Israel can be made concerning all adult patients, however when operating and replacing a knee joint to mobile young people, very high probability of the fact that the artificial limb will just be erased also will be necessary its repeated replacement at later age. For this reason most often doctors recommend such operations to elderly patients whose level of physical activity is significantly reduced.
As for an age majority group of patients, it fluctuates within 60 – 80 years. The main condition of carrying out surgical intervention for them – excellent shipping of similar manipulations and the general state of health at the time of operation.
Rather younger patients, thanks to the invention of new materials for production of artificial limbs, such implants can serve to the owner about 20 years, and in certain cases it is even more.
If to speak about non-surgical treatment, then the most widespread technique is the physical therapy directed to improvement of flexibility, strengthening of joints and increase in their mobility. Anesthetics and resolvents are also widely applied, and for removal of a tumor inject special steroids directly in the damaged fabric.