Exotic flower with the beautiful name Brugmansiya - the rare guest in our latitudes. The flower is from South America. For captivating beauty and form of buds there it is called angelic pipes. At the corresponding leaving the flower keeps abundant blossoming even in the winter.
Brugmansiya - perennial plant with large flowers which have the form of grammofonchik and publish refined aroma, especially in the evening. Only 6 species of this plant are known. They include treelike bushes and trees, up to 5 meters high. Big flowers, up to 25 cm in size, are painted in white, yellow, orange or pink, the brugmansiya also meets terry flowers. Brugmansiya thermophilic plant therefore for the winter he is moved away to the light and cool place where temperature is not lower than +8 degrees.
It is possible to put brugmansiya seeds or to make multiple copies shanks.
Landing by seeds. Seeds begin to land in January-March. Before landing the seeds ret for day in warm water to which add kornevin. In container for crops, fill the garden earth and plant seeds on depth no more than 1 cm. Until seeds ascend, they have to be covered by film. It is necessary to maintain necessary temperature of +22-25 degrees. Depending on grade, boring will appear in 30-40 days, then the film is removed. Do not forget to spray sprouts with warm water to 3 times a day, without allowing excessive humidity in the soil. At emergence of 5 leaflets, plants are replaced in separate tanks. Saplings with the developed roots which have formed earth lump should be replaced in tub, to the constant place. Fertile soil, with addition of peat and processed by weak solution of potassium permanganate will approach.
Reproduction by shanks. At the end of May or the beginning of June, from young escapes cut off top shanks of 20-25 cm. Shanks lower in container with warm water and cover with film, creating hothouse conditions. Regularly spray leaflets. In two weeks the first backs will appear. As soon as they grow to 5 cm, shanks should be put in separate containers. In 2-3 weeks as soon as backs take roots, the plant is replaced in soil.
Care for brugmansiya
For landing of flower to the open ground it is necessary to choose the solar places protected from wind. It is possible to begin disembarkation when temperature does not fall lower than +10 degrees at night. The trained and constantly damp soil will approach. Add fertilizer to the dug-out hole and lower plant, together with earth lump, fill up with the soil and water with warm water.
In droughty weather water flower daily, it is desirable to carry out in addition in the evening spraying of leaves.
It is necessary to feed up brugmansiya throughout all season, each 10 days. Best of all complex fertilizers will be suitable for cultivated flowers. During blossoming the plant needs fertilizer with the increased content of potassium and phosphorus.
Cutting of plant is made in the early spring. It is necessary to delete the dry and damaged branches, the others should be truncated, for giving of form to flower.
The main wreckers of plant in garden are slugs, snails and plant louse. Apply fungicides to fight against plant louse, snails and slugs delete in the mechanical way.
At fall of temperature at night up to +7 degrees, the brugmansiya is moved in the room. In such conditions, the flower continues blossoming until the end of the year. The room has to be spacious and light.
It is possible to apply two types of wintering:
The warm wintering assumes placement of tub with flower at window and preservation of the summer mode of watering. At additional lighting, blossoming continues also, as well as in garden.
The cold wintering takes place in the cool place. Rare watering, without allowing formation of lump. The plant can dump leaves. At emergence of new kidneys, the plant is transferred to light.
It is important to remember that all plant and seeds are poisonous. They contain psychotropic and toxic substances, but the size of these substances depends on grade and species of flower.