Cherry: grades, leaving and cultivation in garden, cutting and fertilizing of cherry

Cherry: grades, leaving and cultivation in garden, cutting and fertilizing of cherry

Mature cherry trees – decoration of any personal plot. At due care they please with abundant harvest, at the same time to look after cherry absolutely simply. It is important to choose correctly grade, being guided by climatic zone and other features.

Types and grades of garden cherry: what to choose

In regions with frigid climate or sharp temperature differences felt, sectional or steppe cherry perfectly feels. Undersized strong plants maintain even severe frosts, are reconciled with the shortage of moisture. They are recommended to be grown up in Western or Eastern Siberia and in the Urals. Among the most perspective grades of sectional cherry:

  • The Altai large;
  • Generous;
  • Zhukovsky;
  • Blizzard;
  • High school;

Sectional cherry differs in good productivity, the maximum quantity of berries can be collected from mature trees. Bushes are resistant to diseases and wreckers.

In regions with temperate and warm climate such grades as Maksimovskaya, Vladimirovka, the Toy, the Coral, Turgenevka, the Meeting perfectly feel. In Moscow area it is the best of all to grow up fruitful hybrids with the early term of fructification and high productivity.   

Cultivation and leaving

All types of cherry prefer light fertile soil. Ideal option – sandy soil or the chernozem, but the least exacting grades take root also on loams. In the fall soil is updated, pouring nutritious humus.

It is better to plant cherry trees on dry sites with low groundwater occurrance. Young plants perfectly feel in the sun, in especially hot days the trunk and pristvolny circle are better pritenyat. Before landing nutritious soil from mix of coarse and fine sand, the rerotting manure, the cespitose earth and wood ashes is prepared. Pochvosmes not less than 7 days ripen, for disinfecting spill it potassium permanganate solution.

It is better to land cherry in May when the soil gets warm. On bottom of the dug-out hole the layer of pebble and in advance prepared pochvosmesa keeps within. Roots of sapling ret in antibacterial solution, and then move tree to hole and fill up with soil. The earth is trampled down and it is abundant water. When soil accumulates, pour new portion, forming earth mound on contour of pristvolny circle. To prevent overdrying of the soil, it is mulched peat or the rerotting sawdust.

It is necessary to water cherry when the top soil dries up. Under each bush pour out 2 buckets of water. Too frequent watering can make fruits watery.

At the end of season cherry needs to be prepared for wintering. Under each bush pour portion of humus, atop stack mulch, straw and fir twigs. To young trees protect also krone, wrapping it in special material.

Cutting and fertilizing

In the first 2 years after landing young cherry do not feed up. For the third year in the spring in soil introducing the nitrogen-containing mineral fertilizers stimulating development of tree. The blossoming cherry feed up mix from compost and the rerotting manure, the divorced water. After watering by nutritious liquid soil is mulched. The procedure is repeated at the end of summer, and to osenyyua plants phosphorus-potassium fertilizers feed up.

Very important point – cutting of cherry. The first molding is carried out at once after landing. The lower branches cut off so that 50 cm of trunk remained without young growth. The main 8 branches creating krone shorten up to 9 cm, other branches delete. Every year it is necessary to cut off radical young growth in the spring, processing places of cuts the garden thief.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team