Different types of anti-septic tanks are widely applied to protection of products from wood from mold and fungus. Quite often wood becomes covered by mold already during its transportation and in storage time. Therefore it makes sense to choose suitable antiseptics in advance and to process wood material prior to construction.
General information about wood preservatives and their application
Choosing antiseptics, it is necessary to have a clear view, for what purpose it will be used.
Wood needs protection at any stage of construction: at its selection, when transporting on construction object and also during storage. It is especially important to provide protection of wooden products when they are under the open sky, being exposed to the aggressive and destroying influence of the environment. Happens also that incomplete objects remain under the sky for long term. In this case it is reasonable to use the preserving antiseptics which does not influence color and texture of wood and allow the material "breathe". Processing by preservatives will protect tree from defeat by mushrooms, insects, mold.
Under the influence of the increased humidity, at contact with soil or water the tree can get bluish shade. Over time such superficial blue can quite turn into destructive decay. Such problem is solved by bleach use. It is recommended to bleach wood also before painting and toning.
Refer fireproof finishing of its surface to obligatory processing of wood special impregnation. Expenses on such processing do not come within miles of costs of fire extinguishing.
Separate constructive parts of wooden buildings bear serious power loading. It is about roof, rafters, draft floors, overlappings, logs and the lower wreaths. For processing of these elements use the antiseptics with high concentration of biocides providing protection against bark beetles and the majority of types of fungi. Not washed away antiseptics gives to wood dark shade therefore they are tried to be applied on the hidden designs.
By production of internal works use the colourless and tinting antiseptics. They are divided into three groups. Carry the priming antiseptics which is deeply getting into material to the first group. They are applied on wood before coloring to prolong life cycle of products.
The second group is made by antiseptics for internal application. They keep initial color of wood. After processing the surface can be covered with the tinting structures, varnishes and enamels.
The third group includes the antiseptics intended for external application. Such structures protect facades of houses, baths, fences, gazebos. These protective equipment is subject to washing away therefore they are recommended to be closed enamel or varnish.
Main groups of anti-septic tanks on their assignment
Water-based structures. Their assignment – protection of tree against rotting and prevention of emergence of mold and fungus. These structures have no smell, are non-toxic. They are ideal for use in premises. It is useless to apply such antiseptics in rooms with the increased humidity.
Oil impregnation. Given antiseptics it is suitable for external works. After drying the antiseptics on wood is formed the film which is reliably resisting to water. This impregnation guarantees also protection against mold and fungus.
Organic antiseptics. It is created on the basis of special organic solvent. These structures with success can be used for external and internal works. The additional benefit of such structures is that they do structure of wood more volume, rich in look. To apply organic antiseptics on wood extremely simply.
Combined antiseptics. These are the multipurpose structures capable to prevent emergence of mold and fungus, the waters saving tree from influence and fire. Sometimes they are called fire-prevention.
Fire-retarding agent. The main function of such structure – protection against influence of the ultraviolet leading to wood burning out. The material covered with fire-retarding agent is capable to keep the original state several decades. This of antiseptics perfectly protects wood and from ignition; the products processed by it do not ignite even at the large fire.
How to choose antiseptics
Good antiseptics has high toxicity in relation to wreckers and microorganisms. It is necessary to select structure taking into account works of an expected type – internal or external. Antiseptics for external works has to be resistant to atmospheric action. The structure for internal works has to be harmless to the person and pets that it usually is confirmed by the conclusion of independent examination enclosed to antiseptics.
The impregnating solution has to be applied on wood without effort. It has to be compatible also to paints and varnishes if their application is provided.
Antiseptics of high quality surely has liquid consistence which allows structure to get into wood deeply. The impregnating structures of deep penetration capable to take root into wood fibers on depth up to 10 mm differ in higher price.
Choosing structure, demand from the seller to show the certificate of conformity on products. Pay also attention to structure effective life as the quality of antiseptic protection will depend on it.
Additional recommendations about the choice of impregnation for wood
On extent of impact on wood distinguish antiseptics of the directed action and universal structures. The first look is intended for the solution of specific objective (for example, on prevention of defeat of wood by fungus). Universal remedies differ in complex influence therefore enjoy bigger popularity at the consumer.
Taking into account extent of impact of impregnating structure on the processed material distinguish three types of anti-septic tanks. Neutral impregnation practically does not affect the main properties of wood. There are also structures changing color of the processed products. The third type of impregnation creates protecting varnish cover on wood.
In general experts agree in opinion that to speak about the best antiseptic structure for wood processing not quite correctly as in different situations it makes sense to apply that type of impregnation which optimum allows to achieve specific goal.