Cultivation of rabbits of various breeds always was some their most popular directions in livestock production. Observance of certain conditions on care for livestock and the correct organization of process of rabbit breeding can become quite profitable occupation. At modest investments it is possible to receive result maximum. What conditions and tools promote it, we will consider below.
Krolikovoda ideally seek to get the maximum profit at minimum of expenses that is promoted by independent preparation of forage, production of feeding troughs and cages the hands for adult individuals and their young growth.
Material for production of cages.
To make cages for rabbits the hands not so difficult, the most important will decide on the sizes, form of cages, to make the drawing.
It is possible to build cages from improvised materials: the remains of boards from repair of rooms, plywood, chipboard, slate, bricks, slag stones, can, metal pipes, chain-link grid and so forth.
The design has to be optimum for accommodation in cage of at least two individuals, convenient location of feeding troughs, free contact with animals at their thorough survey, is suitable for regular cleaning of cage. The construction has to be durable and simple in assembly, occupy time minimum for its service.
Types and types of cages for rabbits.
Not all types of rabbit lodges can be made the hands, but at elementary basic knowledge, availability of the tool, simple drawings and the most important of desire surely everything will turn out.
So what types of cages exist for accommodation of the fluffy tribe?
- Normal and simple performed by – in one tier.
- Two-story (the most extended at dachas and small farms).
Cages are provided for different rabbits.
- For young growth.
- For females.
- For cultivation of decorative rabbits.
- For breeds of giants and vice versa dwarfish representatives of class.
Cages for small animals can be for warm and cold season. Options for dwelling in apartments and on the open area. The design can be figurative or monolithic. Lodges can be and feeding, industrial (in large farms).
The projects of rabbit cages which have deserved recognition of krolikovod.
The simplest designs of cages – four walls, box for the slot, not quite satisfy pallet krolikovod which part ushastik in big scales. Today the cage for rabbits has to be also beautiful, to become element of decor of personal plot or giving.
Professionals of krolikovoda and livestock specialists fans to the best of the ability try to improve process of cultivation of rabbits, to automate care for them. Projects of rabbit cages which have justified itself in practice and have proved that they have the right to be in farms are already developed. We can carry the following inventions called in honor of their designers to such projects.
- Zolotukhin's project.
- Mikhaylov's project.
- Komova-Kuzmin project.
- Tsvetkov's project.
Each this project has merits and demerits in design, use, cost of materials. What project will become closest and convenient, to solve only to the owner of rabbit family.
Let's consider each project separately.
It is possible to carry projects of rabbit cages of Mikhaylov and Tsvetkov to professional projects. Best of all they will be suitable for krolikovod which are engaged in animal husbandry commercially.
The basis for cages is made from metal, sometimes apply tree (design life cycle respectively decreases).
Professional project of Mikhaylov.
It is possible to carry to advantages of this project that in cage there is mechanical ventilation with the top ventilation pipe. Winter heating of matochnik and drinking bowl, very convenient scheme of collecting manure is provided.
The most important lack of the project is the complexity of its execution, availability of excess parts. Even the expert can not always understand drawings at once. Availability of zones which badly give in to cleaning collect dirt.
Professional project of Tsvetkov.
The most important priority of this project is the convenient system of collecting manure, electroheating of drinking bowl. Drawings and design is more clear for the collector of cage.
Among shortcomings it is possible to note floor from wide rails on which there are traces of activity of rabbits. The project is more intended for forest zones, designs are badly protected from wind, occupy the big space, drinking bowls quickly become soiled.
Amateur project of Komov-Kuzmina.
In this project its light embodiment in life is positive. The main advantage – vacuum drinking bowls and doors on day nursery. However electroheating is absent, there is no matochnik.
The most popular project on production of cage for rabbits among the beginning krolikovod. Really it differs in the simplicity in production and the clear drawing. Represents wood or metal structure with continuous floor and the overturning feeding trough. Developed on the basis of long experience of cultivation and observation of habits of fur small animals.
The main minus - in winter time demand serious warming, in windy weather the animals can suffer from draft.
Cage from metalframework.
It is made for otkormka of meat livestock. It is very hygienic in use, it is good to be cleaned, unpleasant smells are improbable. Such design can be made any size.
Such cage is of little use even for the warmest climate. In the winter, at the above-zero temperature of the krolchat will die.
Having considered several options of projects of cages for rabbits, everyone to breed small animals will be able to choose for itself the most suitable, or to gather from everyone something useful and to create own.
Main recommendations about cultivation of rabbits.
There are several recommendations to which breeders of fluffy small animals should adhere.
Cages, feeding troughs, drinking bowls of krolikovoda can make. With power supply it is also possible to resolve issue, having prepared hay and branches since summer, to take vegetables and root crops from own kitchen garden. Inoculations for rabbits and the special concentrated forages containing vitamins necessary for the correct growth of livestock will become the main expenses.
Let's note the standard, most convenient and correct sizes of rabbit cages: length about 100 - 120 cm, height are 50 cm, width is 70 cm.
It is better to place adult individuals and doe-rabbits from krolchata in one - or two - section cages. The young growth is recommended to be contained in group cage which sizes correspond to quantity krolchat. For example, the lodge about which we have already told will be suitable for ten krolchat, but here length has to reach 170 cm. It should be taken into account that to one cage same-gender rabbits, approximately identical age, similar temperament and weight have to live.
Cage on Zolotukhin's project the hands.Let's stop on the project of the known krolikovod of N.I. Zolotukhin as example for production of cage for big-eared family for the hands. This way has proved as the simplest in the production, low prime cost and simplicity of care for small animals.
For creation of cage it is possible to use wooden boards and rails, slate sheets, tin, polycarbonate panels, the metal gauze.
The framework of cage and partition do wooden, and floor and roof of flat slate. Upholster with grid doors and back wall, its small part. Wooden constructive parts sheathe tin that rabbits did not gnaw them.
The cage size for rabbits:
- Width – 2000 mm.
- Height of three-storied design – 1500 mm.
- Depth is from 700 to 800 mm.
- Doors – 400 x 400 mm.
- Floor grid width – 150 – 200 mm.
- Difference in the level of front and back part of floor – from 50 to 70 mm.
Each of three levels represents two cages which are separated by the wooden partitions hammered with hay. Floor, it is roof for the lower tier preferably to do of slate. Back part of floor on width up to 2 m is made of grid. At the same size the upper part rather lower that manure and urine of rabbits were removed on floor or soil moves forward. The back wall of design is made of polycarbonate and established obliquely.
The sizes of cage can be individual, the most important to adhere to the scheme which was developed krolikovod by Zolotukhin. This construction represents design with matochnik therefore for the normal rabbit-hutch the wall with aperture will be required to be replaced with continuous wooden leaf.
The door of matochnik is not done of grid as doe-rabbits with newborn krolchata need the dark room and the shelter from draft. When it is required to broaden the place for young growth, it will be rather simple to remove board partition.
In winter time according to Zolotukhin's recommendation in cage establish the matochnik-hole representing box from the back wall increased by height.
- Upper and lower part from 300 x 300 to 400 x 400 mm.
- Front part – 160 mm.
- Back wall – 260 mm.
- Aperture height – 150 mm.
Distinctive feature of cells of Zolotukhin is the overturning feeding trough. It represents long tray, about 2/3 parts of length of cage, with the increased front wall in comparison with back almost twice and the bottom with bias in internal part of cage honor by 35 degrees. Such feeding trough on the hinge attached to door fastens that allows to feed animals without opening it and to clean in due time from the forage remains.
Any cage for rabbits can be decorated with decorative elements, to change it by means of colourful materials, to adapt according to landscaping. The roof can be painted in bright color or even to sheathe tile material, to establish wooden figure in the form of "ushastik".
To make cage with own hands not so difficult, to choose the most important for itself the most suitable way.