The Japanese garden - one of the most laconic and mysterious styles, philosophy of the Japanese gardening is the cornerstone reconstruction of natural landscape. The Japanese garden is territory of privacy and contemplation of the nature. It does not lose attractiveness during the whole year, gives pacification and allows to feel part of the fine Universe.
Creation of the Japanese garden does not require a lot of place, it can quite be placed in the remote shady corner. The feature inherent in the Japanese garden, its closeness and ograzhdennost from the outside world is. The great value in it is given to three basic elements - stone, water and tree. The stone symbolizes firmness and durability, tree - improvement, and water - transience of life.
Stones and water
Stones - Basic Element of the Japanese garden, all other parts are built around them. The main are two - three vertical stones from which composition is complemented with medium-sized stones which the odd quantity undertakes. From them it is possible to spread path, establishing in turn or couples, but it is necessary to place stones 3-6 cm above ground level.
By means of stones it is possible to create beautiful landscape with stream, the lake or falls. The stone which is artificially made old by moss will strengthen composition and will give it special color. In the absence of reservoir the dry stream can symbolize water. Skillfully created stream can create feeling of the dried-up course of natural flow.
Originally and stylish the sea created from gravel in which it is possible ""to draw"" whirlpools and turbulences looks and also to throw the improvised bridge through ""sea chasm"". The space which is filled up with sand can also become the boundless ocean.
Invariable decoration of the Japanese garden are pagodas and stone lamps, each of which is intended for the specific place.
Reservoirs in the Japanese gardens have no clear geometric boundaries, here everything is subordinated to natural natural forms. It is possible to create falls, for example, but not fountain.
Trees and flowers
The basis of the Japanese gardens is formed by evergreen plants, normally it is pine in composition with juniper. These are the main symbols, everything other vegetation recedes into the background and serves only as addition to the general background. In vegetable design the contrast of forms and textures is used. For example, carved wide leaves of maple near sharp needles of pine. The made old, bent trees are characteristic of the Japanese style. It is possible to achieve such effect from pine and other plants, having studied basic technologies of cultivation bonsais.
From low plants the compositions reminding wood outlines are built. In them fir-trees and cypress, pines, juniper, east types of maples are used. In the spring in the Japanese garden rhododendrons, different types of cherries, apricots and plums blossom. Prmimo of it, in them decorative apple-trees with pink or crimson color smell sweet.
Large-leaved plants - ferns, rhubarb, rodzhersiya, hosts are placed in crevices of stones to hide the unattractive or empty places on the site.
You should not forget about the bright colors creating the Japanese mood - chrysanthemums, azaleas, peonies, irises. Maiden grapes and other lianas will gracefully and picturesquely decorate garden. It is good to use bamboo as improvised finishing material for low fencings, benches, gazebos and tea lodges.