When planning own garden it is important to consider not only your esthetic preferences, but also form and the size of personal plot, natural obstacles, and also requirements of the plants chosen by you. Many flowers and bushes badly transfer change so it is better not to hurry to land them before all of you carefully plan.
It is required to you
- Drawing paper
- Tape measure
- Measuring instrument of acidity of the soil or litmus paper
- Reference book on garden and garden trees, bushes and plants
- Magazines on landscaping
1. Draw the plan of your site on the sheet of drawing paper. Measure and note on it the available buildings, large obstacles, boulders, trees which you do not want to leave.
2. Define acidity of the soil. It is possible to make it in several ways. The simplest it to buy the special device which and is called "The measuring instrument of acidity of the soil". It is also possible to get in the shop trading in chemical reactants, litmus paper. On its wrapper the scale with the color indicator will be put. You will need tests of soil from depth in 30-35 centimeters from all allotments where you are going to plant plants. Each test will need to be placed in several milliliters of the distilled water, and then to lower there litmus piece of paper and to compare to acidity scale. Water ratio to soil, about, five to one. It is also noted that on neutral soils grows nettle, clover, orach is a lot of. The sour soil the cornflower, Ivan - yes - Marya "loves", buttercup creeping, field horsetail. Subacidic soils were chosen by burdock, coltsfoot, sow-thistle, dogrose. On alkaline soils the bindweed and poppy well grows. Having learned acidity of the soil, apply it on the plan of your site.
3. Define structure of the soil. It can consist of clay, sand, limestone, peat and loam. The clay soil heavy if to squeeze piece of such earth in handful, it will take the palm form. Sand easy and friable, it easily passes water. Calcareous soils very different, but all of them differ in high alkaline reaction. Dark, fibrous peat. If to compress it in handful, then sometimes it is possible to squeeze out moisture of it. Loam too well keeps form, but it is much easier than clay. Apply structure of the soil on the plan of the site.
4. Now look how the sun lights your site. What areas constantly are in shadow or half-shade what are well lit. Also apply results of your observations on the plan, note on the plan of part of the world.
5. Make the list of plants which you are going to grow up in the garden. Near each plant write its requirements for acidity and structure of the soil, sunlight and humidity.
6. Apply on the plan of your future garden of path, the building, perhaps, reservoir. If you want that on the site there was pond, remember that for it the clay soil is ideal. Think over as you will carry out drainage of the site and watering of plants. Do not forget about lighting.
7. Now it is a high time to begin to plan where and that you put. It is good to place thermophilic plants near garden paths and near buildings. High plants north of low. For bushes, trees and herbs which will expand allocate the place, taking into account their further gain. If you, by all means, want to plant these plants, and the soil type does not suit them, consider the possibility of the Alpine hills, high beds of the delivered soil. It is possible to neutralize the sour soil entering into it of slaked lime. Do not forget that some plants on the site can be grown up in decorative pots and flowerpots.