Process of mulching of the soil in the habitat happens in itself. The needles and leaves which have fallen to the ground help to be formed to humus, provide power supply and protection against wreckers, complicate growth of weeds. On ridges in kitchen garden the owners construct mulch independently.
Mulching of the soil is method which is used not by all gardeners. Correctly to use it, it is necessary to study features of materials with which it is accepted to cover ridges. Incorrectly working with mulch, the harvest can do much harm.
For what the mulch on kitchen garden is necessary
The mulch interferes with growth of weeds and distribution of their seeds. Its advantage is as follows:
- Warms the soil and plants.
- Keeps moisture.
- Protects roots of plants from heating.
- Promotes acceleration of growth of cultures.
- Reduces the number of wreckers.
- Is good fertilizer.
Except practical benefits, the mulch is applied also in the decorative purposes. Attentively choosing material for her, it is possible to create attractive ornament for garden or kitchen garden.
Types of mulch
Materials for mulch it is possible to use various:
- Organic: bark, grass, chips, plants, opit, humus.
- Inorganic: film, spunbond, haydite.
The organic mulch can be made even of weeds. For this purpose during weeding it is necessary not to throw out them, and to lay around landings. If on the site there is unnecessary grass, then it can be mown and too to use for mulching. Well approaches opit from various breeds of trees. It has to be dry and not really large. They should strew area around plant and root.
Humus – numerous weeds, grass, chips and the other organic garbage which has lain down under the sun and rain not only will be excellent material for mulch, but also will become good fertilizer. Bark can be cut on pieces and to stack near plants. It is worth placing organic chemistry closer to plants and pokuchny that warmed better and passed moisture.
The main thing when mulching is to do without bad consequences for roots. Too big layer of mulch will block access of air to them. Humus can be put even under the soil. In that case it will fertilize it more intensively, and cultures will begin to grow quicker.
With inorganic materials it is necessary to work carefully, some of them are capable to overheat strongly the soil in summertime. It is the best of all to stack black film in the fall, it well heats the earth. It is important to watch that between such mulch and plant there was interval, otherwise plants will perish. It is necessary to put grass or weeds as because of greenhouse effect the soil will strongly heat up on film in the summer, and it is dangerous to cultures.
Black spunbond passes air, about 5 years serve. Haydite not only will improve properties of the earth and will provide good conditions for development of plants, but also will give its surfaces decorative effect. When laying inorganic mulch it is necessary to leave intervals between it and plants. It is better to prorykhlit the soil before it appears under material.
It is the best of all to carry out mulching late spring. At the end of fall all mulch should be removed from the earth before snow goes.