Cultivation of orchid phalaenopsis can do even to the beginning flower grower, however it has number of features. This plant demands bright diffused light, it needs to provide 10-15 hours of lighting a day. In the winter phalaenopsis needs illumination.
Phalaenopsis is very important for successful cultivation of orchid temperature condition, it has to be equal both in the summer, and in the winter. Temperature of +25 °C is considered the best, and in the winter it should not fall below +20 °C though the plant maintains its short-term lowering.
The orchid phalaenopsis has one important feature — it begins to blossom only when the difference between daytime and night time temperature makes 5 °C. Only under these conditions the orchid stuffs up new flower kidneys.
As well as other orchids, phalaenopsis it is very sensitive to air humidity, it has to be high. Leaves spray once a day, but on them there should not be drops. Spraying needs to be done the smallest, like fog. It is desirable to put pot about plant on tray with pebble in which water is poured. The pot is put on pebble in order that it did not adjoin to water, otherwise the probability of rotting of roots is high. For watering of orchid it is possible to use only soft otstoyanny water.
The peduncle of phalaenopsis continues to grow when flowers fade. If to cut off its part where blossoming has ended, on the remained piece new flowers will appear. Substrate for orchid has to be air-permeable, it is made of moss and bark, it is possible to use also polyfoam pieces. Mix has to be slightly damp, but not wet, especially it is necessary to watch closely it during the winter period. At fall of temperature the probability of rotting of roots is high. Watering phalaenopsis it is necessary to watch that water did not get on growth point in the socket basis. Water needs to be poured carefully, on edge of pot. It is the best of all to use method of immersion of pot in the container with water, then moisture will get on substrate through openings at the bottom. When roots of phalaenopsis sprout in opening in pot or are formed over the soil, it does not mean that the plant needs change. The top roots slightly cover with substrate therefore when landing it is necessary to provide free space in upper part of pot, the soil should not fill it up to the top. The orchid phalaenopsis is replaced only when stay in its growth is noticeable or the pot became small for plant. It is better to choose pot plastic, in it it is possible to drill openings not only from below, but also sideways that creates conditions for penetration of air to roots and excludes stagnation of moisture.