Reinforced concrete slabs, thanks to the technical characteristics, properties and features, are the best, actually basic, structural component of buildings of any type – from inhabited to industrial.
Production of reinforced concrete slabs has been begun in 1867. Then Frenchman Joseph Monie has patented product from concrete and the iron basis. The modern market offers already several types of plates from concrete on iron armature, with various characteristics, features and properties, several dimensional groups.
Reinforced concrete slab – characteristics and assignment
The reinforced concrete slab is ideal construction material for construction of residential buildings, buildings of industrial function, infrastructure facilities and other designs of the big size. It can be used for forming of the base of the building, wall construction, creation of overlappings between floors. Besides, plates of concrete goods are applied also in road making. Such wide range of application is provided by the main characteristics of plates:
- low cost and simplicity of mounting,
- moisture and fire resistance,
- ability to resist to atmospheric actions,
- long life cycle.
Reinforced concrete slabs do not decay as in their structure moisture is not late. They maintain mechanical influence of any intensity, do not collapse even at sharp temperature fluctuations.
Characteristics of reinforced concrete slabs depend on their direct assignment. Different types of plates differ from analogs in availability or lack of seamy surface, the sizes, armature type (strained and not strained), the level of density and water tightness, frost resistance.
Types of reinforced concrete slabs, their features and properties
Reinforced concrete slabs are road, hollow, flat and plates for overlappings. At each of types the features and utilization properties.
Road reinforced concrete slabs are applied, as a rule, to forming of difficult main outcomes. They can keep within on soil of any type, be applied to creation of temporary and constant road surfacings.
Hollow reinforced concrete slabs are intended for interfloor overlappings. Their production by the individual sizes is possible. Standard dimensions of such plates – thickness are 220 mm, length – 1, 1.5, 3 m. There are hollow reinforced concrete slabs of 16 m. Advantages of such products – high rates warm and sound insulation, the low specific weight, simplicity of mounting, opportunity with their help to structure the structure of any constructive complexity.
Form the bearing making designs of flat reinforced concrete slabs. The type of products depends on type of concrete which was used in their production – easy, heavy, average, and type of metal base – armature, wire. At such plates of edge, as a rule, are slanted. Seams between them when mounting are filled with high-strength concrete.
Reinforced concrete slabs for overlappings possess high rates of fire resistance, need laying of waterproofing when mounting or armirovochny grid. Their standard dimensions – 3 on 6 or 2 by 12 m.