As verbs in past tense change

As verbs in past tense change

Formation and change of verbs in past tense submits to certain rules which "accompany" the processes which are carried out until the speech or in terms of other counting. But how they change?


1. In past tense the verbs of perfective aspect are subdivided on into two values – aoristichesky and perfect. The first serves as the instruction on the action made in the past and not connected with the present at all. For example: "He just very much early woke up and prepared tasty breakfast". Ordinary aoristichesky value is formed by means of uniform predicates – "The well-mannered boy greeted, received a long-awaited gift and thanked for it". The second value expresses itself action which was once made in the past, and its result remained and now. Example: "Our car rose on the route as gasoline came to an end".

2. The category of imperfect verbs of such values has more, namely their four. The first - a certain and single action which came true shortly before the speech moment ("Once for winter vacation we went to ski to mountains"), the second – several times the action repeating until the speech ("Every time as I touched the ATM button, beat me with current"), the third – action is characterized by continuous course ("Green meadows lasted to the horizon") and the fourth matters the generalized fact ("Someone called him").

3. So, now practice. Verbs of past tense can change on numbers, and in singular – also on childbirth. And they have no several forms of persons. For speech formation of past tense of a verb it is necessary to use a basis of an infinitive or a basis of past tense with a suffix – l which change on childbirth and numbers. For example: "He much and hotly spoke and attracted to himself listening", "She told interesting things and attracted listening" and "They spoke not according to regulations and attracted audience".

4. And in the form of a masculine gender of singular the only indicator of a sort and number is the zero termination of a verb: "Last week it was wet through", "He providently warned people around about danger", "He truly guarded the received catch", "The man strongly was cold and constantly shivered" and "The old tractor suddenly became deaf and did not move".

5. Interestingly and the fact that historical formation of a form of past tense, according to opinion of a large number of linguists, goes back to the perfect participle possessing a suffix – l and used in a perfect with a form of the present and by means of an auxiliary verb "to be".

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team