How to define an indefinite-personal sentence

How to define an indefinite-personal sentence

The offer expresses the message, motivation or a question. Two-member sentences have the grammatical basis consisting of a subject and a predicate. The grammatical basis of a mononuclear sentence is presented to either subjects, or a predicate.


1. Distinguish from mononuclear sentences nominative and verbal. At nominal sentences there is only a subject, but there is no predicate: "Siberian winter". Verbal are subdivided into definite-personal, indefinite-personal and impersonal.

2. All verbal mononuclear sentences have a predicate, but have no subject. And in a personal sentence the form of a verb and the meaning of the message prompt that action concerns a certain person: "I like to read books", "Find the correct solution", "Protect a dress to a snov, and honor from the youth".

3. The verb can stand in the form of the first or second person of the only thing or plural of an indicative or imperative mood. The first person means that the verbal question is set from pronouns "I", "we"; the second person – from pronouns "you", "you". The imperative mood motivates to act, indicative just gives information.

4. In an indefinite-personal sentence the action is made by uncertain or unmarked faces. This action is important in itself. The verb costs in the form of the third party of plural of the real or past tense. Examples: "On TV show news", "On Friday reported about the tragedy", "From a door removed the poster". To receive a verb in the form of the third party of plural, ask a question to a pronoun "they".

5. In an impersonal sentence the predicate indicates process or a state which in principle do not depend on the active figure: "Outside the window darkened", "In the room it is stuffy", "In the field smells of a wormwood", "About it it was stipulated in advance". The predicate is expressed by an impersonal verb (darkened), (smells) of an impersonal form of a finite verb, (stuffy) and a short passive participle (was stipulated) by an adverb. Adverbs and short participles can go with the link-verb "be" or without it. Also the predicate in an impersonal sentence can be put into words "no", "was not": "There are no gaps in knowledge any more".

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team