How to analyze the poem

How to analyze the poem

For most of school students and students the analysis of the lyrical work is more difficult, than the analysis of prose. The fact that the poem more difficult is perceived by the reader as at it there is a set of epithets, metaphors, comparisons affects. Besides, the lyrical work reflects thoughts and feelings of the author, so, it is necessary to reveal interrelation between a course of life of the poet and events in the poem.


1. In the analysis of the lyrical work it is necessary to like the ideas of the author, his mood, to understand his point of view. It is necessary to present a picture of the described events or feelings, to understand the meaning of the events.

2. At the beginning of the analysis it is important to define a poem subject. It can be love, philosophical, political, description nature, etc. Due to the subject is described a plot of the lyrical work. It can be very short, but not developed, as in prose. Sometimes the plot is only a hint on an event, its trope.

3. Further it is necessary to specify means of art expressiveness which were used by the author during creation of the poem. Surely note work composition: number of stanzas, size, rhythm, rhyme.

4. Any lyrical work is expressive thanks to tracks. These are turns of speech in which words get a figurative sense. They are used for giving of saturation to the poem, creation of an artistic image (epithets, comparisons, an allegory, irony, a hyperbole, a litote, etc.). Except ladders it is necessary to analyze also other art means: stylistic figures, poetic phonetics, synonyms, homonyms, neologisms, etc.

5. In the analysis of the poem it is important to understand the lyrical hero, to describe his thoughts and feelings, communication with the author. It should be noted whether the author with the hero identifies themselves or opposes to it, the author's attitude towards the hero.

6. Besides, in the analysis it is necessary to describe the relation to read, how close there was to you a poem as deeply it trod on your corns. It is important to note whether you divide the author's relation to the events specified in the work.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team