In any poetic work not only the contents, but also a form, first of all – the size is important. The size of the poem determines its speed, music, mood. The main meters are a disyllabic iamb or a trochee and a trisyllabic dactyl, an amphibrach and an anapaest. At each of these sizes the rhythm giving to the poem certain features.
1. First of all, to determine the size, it is necessary to read the poem rhythmically, doing a power accent, not paying attention to the meaning of words as though beating a drumbeat.
2. Write a poetic line and emphasize in it all syllables (or vowels letters) which turned out percussions. For example: my uncle of the most honest of a pravilkogd not for fun got sick …
3. Now consider how many unaccented syllables are between percussions. In our example one is the share of one shock syllable unaccented, it means the disyllabic size – an iamb or a trochee. Remember: in a trochee the accent falls on the first of two syllables, in an iamb – on the second. Means, the example from Eugene Onegin followed by us is an iamb. Example of a trochee: wash cheerful ringing myachta where rushed off vskAchNemnyy having trained, you learn to determine the verse size in mind, without noting shock and unaccented syllables on paper.
4. In the same way distinguish trisyllabic meters. A difference only that in one stop in this case there will be one shock and two unaccented syllables. If an accent falls on the very first syllable – this size is called a dactyl if on the second – an amphibrach, on the third – an anapaest. Example of a dactyl: heavenly, eternal cloudlets strAnnikiPrimer of an amphibrach: at full tilt will stop a horse, in the burning Log hut a voydYotPrimer of an anapaest: I love you life that in itself and it is not new
5. To define quantity of feet (foot is a group of syllables, on one of which the accent falls), that is to find out, trimeter it is a trochee or, for example, an iambic pentameter, it is necessary to count quantity of shock syllables. In an example from Eugene Onegin we see that it is a tetrameter iamb. The poem by S. Marshak on a ball – a tetrameter trochee. Remember that shock syllables at rhythmical reading can not correspond to a usual accent in words! For example, in a word "got sick" from our first example the actual accent one (on "About"), but at rhythmical reading we hear also the second, on "And".