The fact that punctuation marks carry out the major role in writing of the offer is not subject to doubt. With their help you will be able not only to display emotional coloring written, but also to emphasize importance of any given statement and even to change the meaning of a statement. To teach people to put all these signs correctly, in grammar and there is such section as a punctuation. Punctuation analysis of the offer will allow you to understand why in each separate case it is necessary to use or not to apply various signs.
1. Begin analysis of the offer with an explanation why at the end of the offer any given punctuation mark is chosen (a point, the exclamation mark, a question mark, dots, etc.). For this purpose it is necessary to define the statement purpose in the offer and its emotional coloring.
2. If the offer contains the finished message, then it is narrative. If about something it is asked, then a question and if there is a motivation to action – a request or the order – that it is incentive. Exclamatory intonations demand production of the exclamation mark. When the speech is interrupted by a pause or in it there is an innuendo, the dots are put.
3. Further determine what the offer design – simple or difficult is. If a compound sentence, find out of what quantity of parts it consists and what communication between them – coordinating, subordinative, allied or conjunctionless. Thus you will be able to explain the reason of the choice of signs which divide all these parts.
4. Analyze functions of punctuation marks in a simple sentence or signs in each of parts of a compound sentence in turn. Find and explain the allocating and dividing signs in the offer or its parts.
5. Allocating, or secretory signs (the comma, a dash, a colon, double signs are brackets, quotes) are used for allocation of components which complicate a simple sentence. These are the parenthesises, phrases and offers, addresses, homogeneous parts of the sentence, isolated attributes or applications, circumstances and additions specifying and explanatory sentence parts.
6. Dividing, or dividing signs are used for division of homogeneous parts of the sentence in a simple design or divisions of simple sentences in difficult (a comma, a semicolon, a dash, a colon).
7. In case at the offer there is a direct speech, find and select the words of the author and, actually, direct speech which can be in any position – before the words of the author, after them or to be interrupted by them. Remember that if the direct speech is before the words of the author or after them, four punctuation marks are put (in display of a design of the direct speech). If the direct speech is interrupted by the words of the author, "the law of seven", i.e. seven punctuation marks in display of the direct speech is respected.
8. To facilitate punctuation analysis of the offer, execute its punktogramma graphically. If in your offer a little punktogramm, explain each of them separately.
9. Emphasize grammatical bases, allocate homogeneous parts of the sentence. Draw the scheme of the offer, having made graphic symbol of places where it is necessary to put punctuation marks.