How to learn structure of numbers

How to learn structure of numbers

The problem of storing of structure of numbers from 1 to 18 arises at many first graders. First of all, it is connected with the fact that it is necessary to remember abstract information. What does the phrase ""mean to the child 7 is 3 and 4""? Absolutely - anything. Therefore all work on storing and automation of knowledge of structure of numbers has to be conducted on a bright example and to be clear to the child.

It is required to you

  • Paper and cardboard.
  • Felt-tip pens.
  • Handle.


1. Form at the child a concept that the number is a designation of quantity of objects, and the figure is necessary for designation of number on the letter.

2. Use the game moments in classes. On sheets of color cardboard draw with felt-tip pens with the child numerical lodges. The numerical lodge is a multi-storey building on which each floor two apartments. In the triangle designating a roof write number from 2 to 18. Explain to the child that on one floor there can live so many residents how many designates number - the owner of a lodge. Together with the child, using calculating sticks, cubes and other material for the account, ""settle residents on apartments"". For example, the owner of a lodge - number 5. Take 5 sticks - it is residents. On the first floor in one apartment there lives 1 person, remove 1 stick. Then in other apartment there live 4 persons. Means 5 - it is 1 moreover 4. ""Occupying"" a lodge, receive couple 1 and 4, 2 and 3, 3 and 2, 4 and 1. Thus, in the numerical lodge designating structure of number 5 there will be 4 floors.

3. Hang out numerical lodges in the apartment so that the child saw them as often as possible. For storing of structure of numbers, close the right or left column of figures in a numerical lodge. The child calls the neighbor of any given number. For example, 9 is 3 and? 6 - the child has to answer.

4. From time to time overturn one of lodges and you ask the child to draw a lodge, having remembered structure of number, on a leaflet on memory.

5. Attract the child to the solution of simple household tasks. - Us in family of 5 people. I already put 3 plates on a table. How many still plates it is necessary to put? - Correctly, 2. 5 - it is 3 moreover 2. Similar work is conducted with all numbers.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team