How to make morphological analysis of a word

How to make morphological analysis of a word

At elementary school children get acquainted with the main signs of parts of speech. But full morphological analysis is learned to be done on average a link. The graduate and the entrant at examination in Russian already has to perform the practical task which is contained in the ticket on morphological analysis of a word. But what order of analysis?


1. Define to what part of speech the word belongs. Characterize the general grammatical meaning what question answers. For adverbs specify the category on value here: attributive or adverbial (for example, it is bright – attributive an image of action). At auxiliary parts of speech characterize a grammatical role in a context (for example, – the particle, serves for expression of value of strengthening).

2. Specify morphological features of a word (for significant parts of speech): a) write an initial form of a word: a noun and a pronoun - the Nominative case, singular; a numeral – the Nominative case; a verb – an infinitive; an adverb – stability; a participle and an adverbial participle – a verb from which it is formed, and a suffix of a participle or an adverbial participle; b) define constant signs of a word: - for nouns - own or nominal, animated or inanimate, a sort, inducement; - for adjectives – the grade in appointment (qualitative, relative or possesive); - for numerals – simple, difficult, compound; quantitative or serial; for quantitative the category (collective, fractional or an integer); - specify in constant signs of pronouns only the category (personal, returnable, possesive, index, etc.); - for verbs – a look (perfect or imperfect), transitivity (transitional or intransitive), recoverability (returnable or irretrievable), conjugation. - for participles – valid or passive, a look, time, recoverability. - for adverbial participles – a look, recoverability, transitivity (check on a verb from which it is formed) - at adverbs on - about a degree of comparison; c) describe changeable signs of a word which treat usually a sort, number and a case. For nouns it only number, a case (a sort – constant sign), at adjectives still specify a degree of comparison (at qualitative) and a form (full or short). At participles also define a form. For verbs do not forget to write an inclination (indicative, conditional, imperative), for an indicative mood time (real, future, last), the person for verbs of the present and future time of an indicative mood and verbs of an imperative mood, a sort in singular for verbs of past tense of an indicative mood and verbs of a conditional inclination.

3. Define morphological features of auxiliary parts of speech, i.e. categories: for a pretext – simple or compound, derivative or non-productive; for the union – coordinating (connecting, connecting, adversative) or subordinative; for particles – form-building or semantic (negative, index, secretory, etc.).

4. Specify a syntactic role of a word in the offer for significant parts of speech.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team