Solar eclipse call an astronomical phenomenon at which the Moon in whole or in part closes the Sun from observers. Seek to see this most interesting natural phenomenon many, however eclipses happen infrequently.
It is required to you
- - schedule of solar eclipses;
- - special light filters;
- - field-glass.
1. The earth and the Moon move in space, and sometimes they settle down from each other in such a way that close sunlight. Such phenomenon is called an eclipse. An event this fascinating, and it usually attracts great interest of observers. Solar eclipses happen when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, casting a shadow on a part of our planet. There are they in a new moon, happen 1 time in 2 or 3 years and usually no more than several minutes last. During a total eclipse the observers see a bright luminescence around the Moon – a crown. It shines the thin gas layer surrounding the Sun.
2. The total solar eclipse can be seen only from that place on Earth where the lunar shadow falls. Such territory is called a zone of a total eclipse. It occupies only 400 km in the diameter. At a total solar eclipse the sky darkens so that on it it is possible to make out bright stars. Becomes a little more cool, plants displace the leaves, flowers are closed, birds cease to sing, and animals begin to behave uneasily.
3. At partial eclipses of Long passes not on the center of a solar disk therefore it closes it not completely. In this case the astronomical phenomenon looks less impressively: the sky darkens much more weakly, and stars in it are not visible.
4. Ring eclipses occur when the Moon passes directly in front of the Sun. Then around it there is a visible ring of sunlight. Some eclipses can look as full or ring, it depends from what point of Earth you observe them. Such eclipses are called still hybrid.