Where joint activity of group of people begins, there is a need for its organization. Activity – a basis of existence of human society, it is very difficult and many-sided. Therefore coordination of labor efforts of certain workers demands special management personnel. Such special type of activity is called management in modern science.
Management – a specific type of activity of administrative character which is carried out in a special way by the prepared group of people. Functions of coordination of actions of workers, groups, the whole collectives, association and coordination of efforts are assigned to administrative personnel. The purpose of administrative activity – achievement of maximum efficiency in any given social or production. In modern production management represents an important part of the general system of managing. It is directed to rational distribution of human and material resources of the enterprise. The purposeful organization of joint efforts in the course of work consists of a number of elements. Here the subject and means of labor and also its result which is usually made out in the form of management decisions enter. The theory of management assumes that at the organization of joint efforts between object of management and the operated subsystem relations demanding control and regulation are always had. One of the directions of management science includes classification of such relations. They can be divided into social (personnel), economic (economic), organizational and information. The system of management in the organization or at the enterprise usually is based by the certain rules assuming step hierarchy of management. Top levels of an administrative pyramid are connected with lower a set of the communications creating the relations of coordination and subordination. Most often in practice of management it is necessary to deal with the subordination relations. They include the system of the instructions, orders, written orders obligatory for execution by the subordinated members of the organization. One of the main tasks of management just also consists in control over implementation of management decisions. Being a type of administrative activity, management assumes ordering of the relations between structural units of different level of subordination, between heads and performers. If parts of a system are at one level of hierarchy, between them there can be equal relations based on coordination of joint actions. One of management tasks as type of activity consists in strategy development of achievement of the goals of the organization. For manufacturing enterprise it is, as a rule, effective marketing and marketing activity. Use of a system of management significantly increases efficiency of activity of any organization and creates optimal conditions for its activity.