Deep psychology

Deep psychology

The deep psychology unites in itself several directions of foreign psychology in which mechanisms of unconscious are considered. This modern trend which has the mass of followers and is actively discussed in scientific community.

Deep psychology: Siegmund Freud and others

Today with confidence it is possible to say that the deep psychology of the personality keeps at works of such figures as Freud (his theory of psychoanalysis), Jung (analytical psychology) and Adler (individual psychology), but in each case of limit of the theory extend. The concept unconscious in this case is considered much more widely, and not only archetypes and the hidden sexual desires, but also a moral component of the person enter it.

The deep psychology based on works of Jung, Adler, Freud and neofreudians which Fromm, Sullivan, Horni and others treat served as an incentive for education and development of new field of medical science – psychosomatics. Psychosomatics explains how psychological factors become the causes of real physical diseases, detailing expression all diseases from nerves. In this theory the main idea is that any disease of any weight has roots in a mental condition of the person.

Deep psychology and psychoanalysis

The deep psychology is closely connected with psychoanalysis why in these two theories there are a lot of common features and even techniques. So, for example, within deep psychology projective methods, free associations and methods of the psychodrama can be used. The founder of deep psychology is E. Bleyler who closely cooperated at the time with Siegmund Freud, than and close connection between these two directions speaks.

Modern psychoanalysis includes such deep theories:

  • psychoanalytic theory of development;
  • ego psychology;
  • theory of the object relations;
  • psychology of inclinations;
  • theory M. Klein;
  • egoism psychology.

The deep psychology is opposed behavioural as the last studies the top layer - manifestations of mentality, it depends deep is turned to deeper groups of the human person. In this case a basic position is that the person is not capable to realize much, and what we are capable to comprehend is only a small part of information; but there are ways to get more deeply into an essence of the personality, and methods of deep psychology allow to make it.

Deep psychology: general characteristic

The deep psychology is often called dynamic psychology or psychodynamic approach. This term is not absolutely exact as, in fact, dynamic approach is one of three special cases which studies mentality not in a statics, and in dynamics, considering it as the result of influence of various unconscious inclinations. Except dynamic approach allocate topographical and economic.

Carry to unconscious processes affective and emotional, irrational, instinctive and intuitive. They are recognized in this theory as a basis of the personality. The person appears in the form of the structure divided into three parts: I (consciousness), Super-Ego (social norms) and It (requirements).

All processes which proceed in mentality are considered by deep psychology as secondary in relation to unconscious which is the true reason and the primary source of many problems, phenomena and features of the person.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team