Enneagramma – what is it, the history of emergence, feature of different types of the personality

Enneagramma – what is it, the history of emergence, feature of different types of the personality

The psychology studies the identity of the person from the different parties and taking into account numerous criteria. In this science such concept as an enneagramma is known. According to some scientists, history of this model of studying the personality originates since Alexandria. Others consider that the direction arose later and its founder is Georgy Gurdzhiyev.

What is an enneagramma?

This word is translated from Greek as nine figures or nine tracings. Enneagramma is one of models of the description of the identity of the person. The reliability raises it doubts and disputes in scientific community. Many researchers call it pseudoscience, calling into question reliability of interpretation of data. Enneagramma describes nine motives which move the person at the level of subconsciousness. Each of them is one of bases of a certain character of the personality, its cogitative strategy, the emotional sphere, attitudes. It is possible to pass a test and to learn the type of the personality here.

Enneagramma history

The ideas similar with an essence of this psychological model meet in works of Evagrius Pontiysky who was a Christian mystic of the IV article AD. Pioneers of a modern format of this current are Oscar Ichazo and Georgy Gurdzhiyev. Their works in this area of steel a basis for further development of an enneagramma. The issue of that, an enneagramma scientifically or not, remains controversial. The reason for that – the mystification raid which is present at the doctrine. Now this current gains popularity and new adherents.

Enneagramma – types of the personality

This model represents the certain scheme consisting of a circle, a hexagram and a triangle. An enneagramma figure – round. Its basis is divided by triangles into sectors. On them there is an enneagramma of the personality who is unit in this circle. According to this model, there are 9 types of the personality:

  • moralist;
  • helping;
  • dostigatel;
  • individualist;
  • researcher;
  • Loyalist;
  • epicurean;
  • resolute;
  • peacekeeper.


In a different way the perfectionist or the organizer call this enneatip. The representative of this type of the personality feels need to be ideal in everything. He seeks to be positive, balanced, honest, and is afraid to become the owner of shortcomings. Such people are rational, and their main motivation – aspiration to improvement of and the world around. Their advantages:

  • discipline;
  • decency;
  • accuracy;
  • prudence;
  • reliability;
  • ethics;
  • efficiency.

Enneagramma-skhema defines such shortcomings at the moralist:

  • tendency to condemnation of others;
  • categoriality;
  • criticality in relation to people around;
  • jealousy;
  • concern;
  • excessive gravity.


The altruist, the careful personality focused on the relations and necessity by another. Enneatip the assistant – the person trying to please others. He is generous, his main desire – to be necessary, and the main fear – to be unworthy love of people around. Such people with pleasure express the positive attitude towards others, but this quality is appreciated more if it is inherent in women. The altruist is the two in a circle of an enneagramma and has such merits:

  • care;
  • adaptability to different circumstances and people;
  • generosity;
  • insight;
  • ardor;
  • responsiveness;
  • ability to appreciate feelings of others.

The assistant has also negative qualities – both for him, and for people around:

  • tendency to sufferings;
  • noncommittal;
  • manipulyativnost;
  • hysteria;
  • jealousy;
  • excessive complaisance;
  • excessive demonstrativeness.


In the scheme of an enneagramma it is the three. Role model, skillful motivator which is in constant aspiration to achievement of prestige, status. This is the pragmatic personality, purposeful and focused on achievement of success. Such person for the sake of achievement of the goal is capable to adapt and try on of himself different roles. The main desire of a dostigatel – feeling of own importance, value, efficiency, and basic fear – a failure. This type of the personality is allocated with such advantages:

  • optimistichnost;
  • commitment;
  • vigor;
  • diligence;
  • confidence in the forces;
  • practicality.

Negative lines at a dostigatel such:

  • tendency to deception;
  • narcissism;
  • vanity;
  • arrogance;
  • vindictiveness;
  • superficiality.


In a circle of the scheme it is the fours. Enneatip the individualist is known still as the esthete, the romantic. He is focused on the identity, refined, sensual, mysterious, changeable, refined. The main motivation of romantics – emotion, feeling, search of understanding and meaning of life. They do not wish to be such as everything, being in search of own importance. The main fear of the individualist – not to reach the importance, not to be special. Advantages of character of representatives of this type:

  • refinement;
  • ability to sympathize and support people around;
  • creativity;
  • the developed intuition;
  • tendency to introspection;
  • expressivity;
  • ability to manifestation of warm feelings.

The typology of the identity of the individualist has also the shortcomings:

  • shyness;
  • tendency to depressions;
  • dispassionateness;
  • complexes;
  • obstinacy;
  • excessive morality;
  • concentration on;
  • despondency;
  • uneasiness.


He is called the expert, the thinker, the observer. The description of an enneagramma the 5th type of the personality specifies that thinking of the person is focused on the analysis, logic. He is susceptible, aspires to innovations, is characterized by isolation, aspiration to be isolated from the world around. The main motivation of the researcher – desire to learn, receive understanding of the events with it and around it, to be independent, not to get into situations when it looks silly. The main desire of the five – to have abilities and high level of competence, and his fear – to be helpless, not to bring benefit.

Dignity of the thinker:

  • persistence;
  • sensitivity;
  • high intelligence;
  • tendency to analytical thinking;
  • objectivity;
  • wisdom;
  • self-sufficiency;
  • insight.

Researcher's shortcomings:

  • avarice;
  • arrogance raid against the background of his mental abilities;
  • obstinacy;
  • shyness;
  • dispassionateness;
  • malevolence;
  • critical attitude towards people around.


According to this model of creation of a psychological portrait, it is the six. The Loyalist is known as the skeptic, the realist. Enneagramma gives the description of types of the personality, removing the general for them characteristics. She says about the six that her representatives have the increased need for safety because of which they are characterized by distrustfulness. They are betrayed, responsible. Their main motivation – an exception of fears or fight against them. The main desire – safety, support of people around, and their fear is lack of the last.

Dignity of realists:

  • practicality;
  • complaisance;
  • wit;
  • ability to sympathy;
  • care, ability to share heat;
  • loyalty;
  • responsibility.

Enneagramma speaks about such shortcomings of sceptics:

  • unpredictability;
  • rigidity;
  • tendency to condemnation of people around;
  • irritability;
  • pessimism;
  • excessive vigilance;
  • tendency to paranoia;
  • excessively developed protective reaction adjoining on attack tactics.


The adventurer, the enthusiast – so still call the 7th type of the personality. His basic need – avoiding of pain. The description of an enneagramma indicates the 7th type of the personality aspiration to achievement of happiness even if because of it it is necessary to leave from reality. It looks for opportunities, easily joins in activity, is characterized by versatility, but is scattered. The main motivation of the seven – search of happiness, the occupations bringing pleasure. The main desire of the enthusiast – to be happy, to satisfy the requirements, and his fear – pain, deprivations. Merits of the epicurean:

  • efficiency;
  • the developed imagination;
  • spontaneity;
  • self-confidence;
  • speed;
  • charm;
  • curiosity;
  • ability to admire.

Negative traits of character of the epicurean of an enneagramm calls:

  • impulsiveness;
  • concern;
  • indiscipline;
  • excessive vanity;
  • tendency to self-destruction;
  • mutinousness;
  • maniakalnost.


Other names – a konfrontator, the leader, the boss. It is contradictory, but it not everything that tells an enneagramm about the 8th type of the personality which description says that he constantly seeks to protect himself. The leader seeks for domination, this is the strong, self-assured, resolute, strong-willed personality. The main motivation of the eight – avoiding of weakness, dependence, requirement to feel self-confidence, the force. The main desire – self-defense, ability to control the life. Konfrontator is afraid of causing to him harm and getting under someone's control.

Advantages of resolute type of the personality:

  • will power;
  • frankness;
  • loyalty to relatives;
  • vigor;
  • endurance;
  • self-confidence;
  • tendency to protection.

Shortcomings of this type of the identity of an enneagramm allocates such:

  • mutinousness;
  • aggression;
  • insensibility;
  • tendency to control;
  • suspiciousness;
  • egocentrism.


He is called the healer, the intermediary. 9 on an enneagramma – the type of the personality striving for harmony, life in peace. It is obliging, sensitive, modest and good-natured. Motivation of the intermediary – preservation of peace, avoiding of the conflicts. Feature of this type of the personality – a combination of other 8 types of the personality because of what the healer can be both soft and good-natured, and strong, independent. His main desire – tranquility and stability, and fear – isolation from people around. Dignity of the peacekeeper:

  • generosity;
  • diplomacy;
  • attentiveness;
  • ability to sympathize;
  • ability to be a pleasant interlocutor;
  • responsiveness.

Shortcomings of the intermediary:

  • apathy;
  • obstinacy;
  • forgetfulness;
  • persistence;
  • detachment;
  • tendency to condemnation of others.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team