Each person is unique as an organism and as the personality who is ensemble of the integrated worlds and social and psychological roles which we play in various circumstances and spheres of life in the relations with other people and beings.
That it is more effective and to interact harmoniously with other subjects, it is peculiar to the person and it is even necessary to study another.
How to study other person?
It is quite good to learn to make a psychological portrait of the identity of the person. Some will tell that the person is shown, first of all, in acts – yes, it is the truth. But acts are only visible separate dabs on the overall external picture. Of course, they report about much, in any case, about external manifestations and value and ethical orientations of the person. However kernel of the identity of another is hidden from us, in everyone not revealed and incognizable secret is put. Only attentively analyzing all sum of knowledge of the identity of the person, we can make a certain idea of it.
Certainly, it will help us with interaction with it or with refusal of further interactions.
How to make a social and psychological portrait of the personality?
What do we study that we consider in the analysis on what spheres of the personality we pay special attention? As the psychological portrait of the personality is complex quality characteristic, the list studied, first of all, can look approximately so:
- psychophysiological constitution;
- racial national identity;
- temperament of the person;
- the most noticeable and memorable traits of character (accentuation);
- abilities to training and activity in various spheres;
- orientation (the speech about value orientations and vital aspirations);
- relations with an opposite sex, senior and younger;
- level of openness/closeness of the personality (that is introvertirovannosti/ekstravertirovannos);
- emotionality of the person;
- moral and strong-willed qualities, ability to overcome difficulties;
- self-checking level;
- general level of intelligence and cultural development;
- general harmony;
- ability to communicate, enter communication, to interact.
It is necessary to notice that different psychological schools and the different directions of psychology study the person and his mental life from various points of view (in general if you undertake to make such portrait, it is quite good to read couple of textbooks about people's psychology, to look in reference books and other special literature). Studying above-mentioned spheres of the personality and manifestations of the person important for any of the directions of psychology at any psychological school or tradition therefore pay attention to everything, to any details, trifles and details, to acts, to statements, to opinions of other people on the person. Having collected information maximum, analyze it attentively, thoughtfully and repeatedly, it is desirable, from the different points of view. It is not obligatory that measures of your reasonings by all means will help you to make a psychological portrait of the identity of the person, to such an extent exact that it would be possible to predict and expect his actions and acts, however, in a certain measure, it so.
Actions and acts of the person, his behavior – live reality, and your idea of it – only a look from a certain point of view, the reflection corrected by your opinions and value systems. However such exercises and occupations as drawing up a psychological portrait of the personality, even in terms of everyday psychology, definitely will do you good: you learn a lot of interesting about the person (or perhaps and about yourself) and, eventually, about the world.
About social and psychological roles
We play different roles in the relations with different people. Therefore to make fuller psychological portrait of the identity of the person, study and analyze psychology of those people with whom he enters communication.
For parents we are children, for grandmothers and grandfathers – grandsons, for the children – parents. For friends we relatives, for the chief – subordinates for subordinates – chiefs. In shops – buyers, at movie theater and the opera – the audience, in the museums – visitors, on social networks – users and owners of accounts. This list it is possible last infinitely, and each of situations describes an essence and the nature of only one interrelation. Knowledge of the sum of these communications adds reliability to a psychological portrait of the identity of any given person.
So study others and it will become more interesting to live to you. Only it is necessary to judge nobody, ungrateful put this, it will not expand your opportunities and knowledge of people and of the world.