Pirogovo – the museum under the open sky

Pirogovo – the museum under the open sky

museum of national architecture and Pirogovo's life — unusual interpretation of national values. It gives the chance to the visitor for light day to get acquainted with life and elements of life of the Ukrainian people during 17-20 of centuries. Exhibits are presented in an unusual foreshortening — under the open sky. Pavilions completely are absent, expositions of various ethnographic regions of Ukraine are in a natural zone.

The museum is founded in 1969 and located in the settlement of Pirogovo in the suburb of Kiev. Opening of the museum was promoted by activization of the public and the publication in 1965 of the document The Letter on Creation of the Museum of National Culture in Kiev. It accelerated opening of the museum. Specialists ethnographers developed the special program. The staff of the museum carried out the forwarding work aimed at finding architectural and household funds to short terms. Thanks to their efforts the museum opened in 1976. Thirty years it worked and continued to collect a unique collection of exhibits which is presented by two hundred constructions typical for the historic areas of the country.

Almost all constructions original are also constructed by Ukrainians of that era. Some buildings are recreated according to descriptions. The museum stretches for 150 hectares therefore it is desirable to come to Pirogovo not for one hour to manage to visit all ethnographic zones. It is the South of Ukraine, the Central Dnieper Bank, Podolia, Poltavshchyna, Slobozhanshchina, Polesia, the Carpathians, Mills, the Exhibition field, Mills and the Modern village.

The dwelling of the ordinary Ukrainian peasant always was the work of wooden architecture. It was accepted to call the house of continuous use a hut, and temporary, seasonal structures huts, kolyba. For peasants constructions of economic appointment were great value: stable, hen house, shed, also cellars and sheds. Well crane remains especially interesting construction still. As construction material used a tree in the form of a felling, a bar, a basis with filling (brushwood, clay about sexual). Generally used a linden, and covered a roof with straw or a cane, small plates — shingle. The old village contains remarkable copies of public buildings — church, school, tavern. Mills water and wind provided peasants with inexpensive and available energy. In internal planning of the dwelling a specific place was held by the furnace on which diagonal the ceremonial corner with icons, vyshivanka and an icon lamp was located. Under icons traditionally put a table, sometimes instead of a table a chest.

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The single hut of 1587 in which the use of the sixteenth century is recreated is considered the oldest construction of the museum. The Saint church of the Great martyr Paraskev is known also outside the museum as the work of an era of baroque. It is made of especially firm oak into which it is just impossible to hammer a nail, height of its about 25 m Was transported from the village of Zarubintsa of the Cherkassk region in the 70th years.

The business card of Pirogovo, of course, in his harmony and naturalness. In the course of survey of exhibits you are surrounded by the nature, classical for the region, music with use of national musical instruments sounds.

For guests of the country of an excursion are carried out in the English and German languages, it is possible to choose the Ukrainian or Russian maintenance. The official excursion lasts 2 hours, but it is not enough, considering the territory and a set of interesting places. It is possible to take a walk and independently, without hurrying to consider each exhibit. The thematic dramatized representations and national festive festivities can be seen not so often in the museums. In Pirogovo there is such tradition — to meet visitors in suits of weavers, potters and other handicraftsmen. The holidays coinciding according to the calendar with pagan or religious dates take place brightly and is original: with dances around fires, with singing of national songs.

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Fairs with involvement of national masters of different types of crafts are especially interesting. Then it is possible to see with own eyes how this magic — transformation of a piece of clay in a finished product in hands happens at the potter. The smith in front of the audience live will show the art.

On the days off in the museum the invited folklore collectives act. And to the holidays Borsch Festival and Day of the Ukrainian Sweets there will hardly be analogs in the world. Holidays are unique on subjects and in carrying out form, for example, A holiday of the first furrow, An open-air of artists, Day of embroideresses.

In the museum there is an electric train, it is possible to ride also horses. Entrance to the museum on personal vehicles exists, the truth at additional expense and not across all territory. It is quite possible to ride also personal bikes (but there is also a paid hire) as this type of transport is more mobile.

The museum is a rest from which you derive pleasure. And national viands of Ukrainian cuisine with borsch and fat, vareniki, hash browns and... gorilka is the true culinary art. Here you will find taverns, taverns, kulishnitsa and if you want cafe and restaurants with modern European cuisine. The Budmo restaurant is original registration and kitchen. Pleases with the choice of foods and the prices of Kul_shna cafe which interior corresponds to spirit of the museum. Wooden furniture, scenery vyshivanka, clothes of the personnel: all this creates mood, and dishes are various the belonging to kitchens of all regions of Ukraine. Shanks and Yar_vts і — also restaurants of the ethnic cuisine, each of them is in own way interesting, it is safely possible to visit any of them without disappointments.

By the car it is better to begin a route from Odesskaya Square (it is possible on Stolichnoye Highway) towards Academician Zabolotny St. In 2 minutes from turn you practically at gate of the museum. The trip on public transport has options — share taxis: No. 156 from the Bessarabia market or Sofiyevskaya Square, 172 from m. Friendship of the people or Leningradskaya Square, 496 from m Lukyanovskaya, No. 576 from m. The campus, trolleybus No. 11 from m Lybidskaya.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team