What base is necessary under the brick house

What base is necessary under the brick house

Choosing the base for the brick house, consider that the building will have big weight. Installation of the base which is not calculated on such loadings will lead to emergence of deformations and cracks with house walls. Three types of the bases are suitable for brick buildings: plate, pile and tape.


1. When choosing the base for the brick house consider physicomechanical soil characteristics, depth of its freezing and level of underground water and also relief type. For detailed study of soil it is the best of all to invite the expert who after careful check will be able to give it exact characteristic.

2. Continuous footings, assembly, monolithic and assembly and monolithic, are suitable for buildings on dry, sandy and nepuchinisty soil. On the mobile and puchinisty soil it is the best of all to use the solid plate bases. The pile bases are suitable practically for all types of soil.

3. Continuous footings are capable to maintain considerable loadings. One of their advantages is the possibility of creation of the basement or first floor. The tape of the base is placed on house perimeter and also under internal walls. In the basement or socle it will serve as walls.

4. Continuous footings are monolithic and assembly, the first represent the integral reinforced design from concrete, the second construct from concrete or stone blocks. The monolithic base has bigger durability, than assembly, however after its mounting there has to pass the long time before its hardening and set of durability.

5. Combined continuous footings are built quicker, but it is necessary to attract special equipment to their installation and to use additional labor. The buried continuous footings laid for 30 cm below than the level of freezing of soil are suitable for brick houses.

6. The pile bases often establish on the showered soils, loading in this case is transferred to the dense layers of soil located deeply. This type of the base can be used also on stronger soil, he demands small amount of construction materials.

7. The structure of the pile base represents several separate piles connected with each other by reinforced concrete or concrete grillage. For the brick house it is the best of all to use the drilling reinforced concrete pile foundation, and to make piles with wide soles.

8. It is simpler to establish the plate base for the brick house, than the basis of other types. It represents integral reinforced concrete slab on which all building leans and perfectly perceives the loadings created by the vertical or horizontal movement of the soil. This type of the base is suitable for use on collapsible and puchinisty soil with the high content of moisture.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team