Much had to hear the term "morphological features" at Russian lessons. But not all know that it is applicable and to biology. To deal with what signs of living organisms should be referred to morphological, it is necessary to decide on terms at first.
Morphological features of plants and animals
So, we will begin from the very beginning. The science morphology studies the external and internal structure of living organisms or their groups (childbirth, types, groups). Distinguish external and internal morphological features of living organisms. Internal morphology – it is good all the known anatomy. You should not confuse morphology with physiology which is engaged in studying functions of any given bodies or the systems of animals or plants also.
It seems, in definition of morphology there is nothing difficult. But behind visible simplicity the huge volume of information is. The morphology of animals unites in itself several sciences at once: anatomy, histology, cytology and embryology. The same and with morphology of plants. On a number of morphological features we can carry an animal to any given look, a sort or even group. It is, for example, height in withers, the weight, color of wool and eyes, length and a shape of a tail and also other features of the building.
Refer a form and the size of leaves, a stalk form, type of a flower and a fruit and so forth to morphological features of plants.
Morphology of the person
As well as any live object, the person submits to the general laws of biology too. And in anthropology (the science studying the person) there is a special subsection devoted to morphology of the person. This science is densely connected with a rasovedeniye and is engaged in studying certain regularities of development and change of any given signs characteristic of different people. For example, the morphology of the person can explain, than the skull of the Black differs from a skull of the European or to reveal regularities of change of skin color and hair depending on an area of dwelling of groups of people. Returning to morphological features, it is possible to tell absolutely simply: this how you look – your growth, hair color and an eye, a shade of skin and the constitution of a body.
Morphological features of the soil
There is a widespread classification of soils which is also based on their morphological features. You should not be surprised, each type of the soil can be described, proceeding from its external signs. In this case scientists take as a basis such morphological features as the building, power of a soil layer and its separate horizons, coloring, structure, addition, new growths, inclusions. And as the processes happening in soils have direct impact on all listed signs, studying soil morphology, it is possible to learn a lot of things about its origin and history.