The rare gardener does not grow up onions as this vegetable is not especially whimsical in leaving on the seasonal dacha. But also there are cunnings. Time to study some nuances and valuable advice by means of which you receive rich harvest has come.
For certain you know that it is possible to grow up onions not only in conditions open ground, but also on windowsill and in the greenhouse. Best of all onions grow on the soils rich with humus. It needs large amount of light. When landing onions the excellent drainage of the soil is required therefore in soil there has to be minimum content of clay. Prepare the earth since fall, properly dig over it, remove garbage and stones. It will be necessary only to loosen slightly the soil in the spring and to introduce mineral fertilizers with manure. The easiest way of cultivation of onions – crops of seeds to the open ground. Most often onions are grown up from sevka - small lukovichek which diameter is from ten to twenty centimeters. Carefully touch bulbs, remove the dried and sprouted copies sick and cut. Pilferers sort other in size: small, average and large. To receive simultaneous and amicable shoots, put each fraction separately, it will also facilitate care for plants. Protect pilferers from infection with various diseases and reduce chance of its strelkovaniye. For this purpose it is necessary to carry out processing of bulbs. One week prior to landing warm up bulbs within one-two days at temperature of 40 degrees, you store at temperature of 20-22 degrees further. Wet before landing of lukovichka in solution of copper vitriol 1% for fifteen minutes. It is not recommended to cut off necks of bulbs, so you can cut off already appearing sprout owing to what greens will turn out weakened and damaged. Landing and cultivation of onions requires the solar, open and well blown site. Otherwise onions will badly grow, defeat by mealy dew is possible. It is recommended to land pilferers on beds where earlier grew peas, tomatoes, cucumbers or cabbage. Plant onions at the end of April – the beginning of May, do not delay with landing as the soil begins to lose the moisture which is saved up after winter and begins to dry. It can have an adverse effect extremely for terms of shoots and quality of harvest in general. The first shoots have to appear in 11-14 days (at correctly executed landing). Scheme of landing simply: between bulbs among there has to be distance six-ten centimeters, between ranks – twenty centimeters. Landing depth sevka – four-six centimeters, bulbs have to be covered with two-centimetric layer of the earth from above. If to put more deeply, then can be created as a result oblong shape of bulb, and shoots will seem much later. After landing accurately you proboronit bed rake that all landings have been filled evenly up with the soil. In the first two months, onions need abundant waterings as actively releases green feathers, heads appear then. You watch during this period soil moisture, do not allow its drying at all. Inadmissibly also availability of weeds on one bed with onions. Regular and timely weeding affects quantity and quality of future harvest. Loosening well affects on intake of oxygen to plant roots that it is important for its development. At the end of June - the beginning of July stop waterings, let's ripen to bulbs.