Oven heating of the house has not lost the need for some regions yet. Usually build furnaces with the raised heat emission. They are intended for heating of several rooms at once and are used to cooking. It is useful to know about how to construct the house oven. Of course, for this purpose it is necessary to study a lot of literature and to have some experience.
Construction of the furnace is planned even at design of the house that all rooms were under construction around it. But happens that the house already exists, and you wanted to construct it in the house.
What to bake it is better to choose for the house?
If the house small, then approaches heating and cooking "Swede", with the plate which is available for her and oven. If the house consists of several floors, then long-distance heating will be required, here you will suit "Dutchwoman" more. She in this case is established as the family center, decoration of the house. It is necessary that on the place of future oven (on floor and ceiling) there were no beams.
Furnaces for the house are brick and metal. The first is applied traditionally, it is solid and reliable. The second (from metal) - is got already in finished form. Has shortcoming – over time burns through therefore it is necessary to buy new. The choice remains for you.
The main assignment of the furnace is to warm the room. It is necessary to know that its type is chosen taking into account opportunity to provide with heat all living space (room) at any outside temperature.
It is defined from the cost of all necessary materials and payment for work to the stove-setter. The complexity of the project increases the price. Construction of the middle furnace requires about 1500 bricks. Small - it is possible to put most.
From the existing channel and beskanalny ovens, usually, give preference to the first (they are called still kolpakovy). They get warm more evenly therefore the quantity of the formed cracks decreases. They have small degree of produvayemost, and therefore the open latch does much more smaller harm for laying, in comparison with other types.
What brick to apply at laying?
The brick will be required fire-resistant (shamotny), well burned and corpulent, without chips and cracks. It is used for laying of toplivnik, and it is possible to apply normal (clay) brick to the rest of the furnace. The most difficult process at construction is its laying. The furnace is installed on the base (the type of soil on which it is filled in is considered), the sizes are maintained according to the project. It is possible to perform works most if you have experience of laying, there are quality materials and the project. Still it is necessary to know that there are standards which observance is obligatory at furnace laying. At work the seams between bricks do by 5 millimeters wide. In the furnace arrange two cleanings, one of them will be in pipe bottom. It is necessary to execute fire-prevention cutting in the form of step expansion of laying if in the house more than one floor. When your furnace is laid out, it needs to be dried on what can leave up to two weeks.
If it has begun to smoke at the first kindling, then the reason is possible in its dampness or the wrong laying. Then it is necessary to call the expert who will carry out by her diagnostics, and will make all recommendations about elimination of the arisen fault. During fire chamber, at correctly executed laying, cold sites should not be.
It is possible to decorate it if to make facing tiles, or having revetted with heat-resistant tile.
The ready furnace can be plastered and whitewashed, or to consult to the designer who will help you to find solution to decorate it.