The spring will also come busy season for gardeners and gardeners soon. It is necessary to bypass garden, to check how have wintered trees and bushes. In the first warm days, kidneys have not bulked up yet and the sokodvizheniye has not begun, it is necessary to start cutting of trees even if snow in garden has not thawed yet. If for some reason you were late with cutting, it is better not to touch trees with the weakened gain at all. The frozen slightly trees also should not be cut off in early terms. Here when it will be already visible what branches have died, then it is possible to remove them, having cut off to "the live place.
If you have insufficiently well acquired rules of cutting, resort to the expert better. You will act at first as journeyman, and then take a closer look, learn, - you look, the next year not only the garden you will cut off, but also you will advise others. Anyway, before starting cutting most, it is necessary to study at least properly special literature on cutting, otherwise only you will do harm to trees. I can give only the very first advice here.
Earlier in all recommendations about cutting it was said that branches should be cut off surely "on ring", without leaving stump. But now experts gardeners have come to conclusion that you should not leave stumps only at scrap of thin branches. And here thick skeletal branches need to be cut so that there was stump 15-20 centimeters high. At scrap of such branch "on ring" there is danger that wood is lower than the place of saw cut during the winter it will be struck and will begin to decay. Having left stump, you can be quiet for tree: in one or two years it will get used to such amputation, and then you cut stump, without risking to do to tree harm. Within these two years it is only necessary to delete tops if they appear on the place of saw cut.
Do not forget to cover all cuts with the garden thief or oil paint on natural drying oil. Now it is a little about trap belts – time to be engaged also in them has come. Kind of carefully we tried to clean shtamba of trees to destroy various wreckers, all the same they manage to escape and go to the soil where very quietly winter and only and wait when it becomes warm to be chosen and begin the dirty deed.
Here it is also necessary to impose trap belts on trees not to give yablonny fir seed moth and pincers to make the way on krone. On young trees of belt impose only on trunk, and on big they need to be strengthened not only on shtamba, but also on skeletal branches. Most often trap belts do of crepe paper, but such belts disposable and them should be destroyed. All to make trap belts from newspapers easier. Twist four-five plaits and impose around trunk as it is possible more densely. Then from above they are covered with strip of dense paper 15-20 centimeters wide and tied. The best trap belts – from old flannelette blankets or other fleecy fabric. Cut strip 20 centimeters wide, of two grasps of trunk. Fold them double and attach to shtamb, tying above and below with twine or wire. I reuse belts made of cloth: erase in hot water laundry detergent and dry. It is convenient to have two sets of belts that, removing one immediately to impose another. Before imposing another, it is necessary to examine trunk not to miss the hidden caterpillars. The taken-off belts need to be shaken over the outspread paper in order that useful insects, assistants to gardeners, - lacewings, tickseeds, spiders, predatory bugs and bugs have managed to escape. Caterpillars and small orange pincers it is necessary to collect and burn. How often to change belts? Here only experience can tell. Some gardeners during the summer eight - ten times are engaged these; others leave belts for all year – from spring to spring – and change their once, before heat