How to find a suffix in a word

How to find a suffix in a word

Suffix call the morpheme standing in a word after a root and bearing in itself semantic and grammatical meaning. As a rule, the suffix is allocated with a badge ^ and serves as one of the main ways of word formation in Russian.


1. The suffix is that part of a word which is selected in the last turn therefore for a start it is necessary to sort a word completely. It is necessary to begin with the termination. That to find it, change a word in forms – padezhdy, patrimonial, etc. For an example it is possible to take the floor "traditional". Change a word on childbirth – traditional, traditional, traditional. The termination is a changeable part of a word, so, in this word it is necessary to allocate the termination – y. All the rest will be a basis.

2. Now it is necessary to find a root. It is easy to make it if to be at cognate words. It is possible to take the floor "tradition" which is motivating for this adjective. In the word "tradition" the termination – I if to be more precisely, - ja, the rest – a root, so and in a required word it is necessary to allocate the root "tradition-". The word rest, respectively, will be a suffix.

3. Sometimes for allocation of a suffix of the done operations insufficiently – it is necessary to establish motivation, that is a method of formation of this word. For example, word "needle". Many will hurry to allocate in a word a suffix "очк", however it will be a mistake. If to investigate formation of a word, then the following will turn out: The needle-> igol (j) and-> igolo (och) (j) an ataky image, in the word "needle" will be two suffixes – - och- and - to-.

4. Some suffixes can just be remembered and allocated, as they say, on the automatic machine. For example, in verbs of past tense it will be allocated in most cases a suffix - l-. In nouns diminutive-hypocoristic suffixes - ochk-, - ochek-, - enk-, - ank-, - ok - - chik- and others are easily allocated. Suffixes of adverbs - and - - about - - e-often allocate as the termination, however adverbs can have no terminations as it is a non-inflected part of speech.

5. The postfix - sya-in uncertain forms of a verb usually is defined as a sinkretichny morpheme, that is both as a suffix, and as the termination, and is allocated with two badges of a suffix.

Author: «MirrorInfo» Dream Team