The problem of quality of the letter rises before all school students. The education system is directed not to understanding now, and to a vyzubrivaniye of rules, texts. Cramming in itself is useful, but not in all cases. Children who perfectly know rules of Russian make mistakes in dictations and compositions. Therefore to hope for school as a stronghold of knowledge is not necessary. Take literacy of the child in hand.
1. - do not point the first basic rule to the child to incorrect option of writing. Purely from the psychological point of view your phrase ""Would" be written here not, and "п"" will be apprehended as affirmative, that is in subconsciousness at the child is postponed that should be written.
2. Give to the school student of a task on reading aloud. Most often problems with literacy arise at those who suffer from violation of audialny perception. The more the child reads aloud, the more he begins to see structure of the speech.
3. Read aloud. Teach to allocate it in the text aurally at first of the offer, then and only after it you pass words to studying syllables and sounds. Our education system long time worked in the opposite direction – from the particular to the general. Usually begin training in the letter with studying sounds, then syllables and only after it study words and offers. It is not absolutely correct.
4. You carry out dictations. In the school textbook there are quite enough practical exercises. Read accurately. The child, the more slowly dictation is younger. Watch how the child writes. If you see that he draws in detail an incorrect letter – note that here the letter "and" or "o" is written. And again, you do not tell incorrect option. Let the child know only the correct writing.
5. One famous methodologist Tikhomirov developed very effective technique which helps many teachers to struggle with illiteracy of school students successfully. Purely practically this theory is as follows: suggest the child to read any text not as we usually speak, and literally – as we write. This reception is called spelling reading. It is not necessary to be afraid that the child will always begin to speak as reads. He quite realizes that how we write, differs from how we speak. The child should break words into syllables and to pronounce words, allocating their components, but it is necessary to do it quickly enough. When performing this exercise at the child three types of memory are involved at once: motor, acoustical and visual.
6. Use for such reading only the works by classics published by solid publishing houses. Probability that at the same time you will come across initially illiterate text is very small. Practice spelling reading regularly, personally being present at occupation. If you hear that the child read not as it is written (for example, not a cow, but a cow), then softly correct him and ask to read a word again. Do not force the child to be engaged too long. Up to 10 years 10-15 minutes, after – there are enough more than 15 minutes.