Garden geranium – the perennial plant which is not demanding special care and knowledge. Everything that is necessary - it is the fertilized soil and not frequent watering. Then decorative bushes with beautiful inflorescences will be the real decoration of your flower bed.
The unpretentious garden geranium is very popular among flower growers. At this perennial beautiful magnificent inflorescences of various form and shades which are buried in openwork verdure. Decorative flowers of geranium are quite capable to take the central place in flower bed and also to become part of any flower composition of the front garden or bed.
This flower is called still zhuravelnik for similarity of its fruits to crane beak.
Types of long-term garden geranium
There are about 300 types of zhuravelnik. They have various characteristics: forms and shades of flowers, height and branchiness of bush, size and form of leaflets.
Balkan or krupnokornevishchny
25-40 cm high, krone form — spherical, roots are located at the surface of soil. Perfectly grows both in the shaded places, and on light. Pinkish color with violet shade or saturated-red. Sheet plates of rounded shape, become crimson in the fall. Smell — with fruit notes. Leaves and roots are applied in cookery as spice — go to drinks, salads and dough for pastries.
Bevans Variety is purple-red; Czakor is purple; Lohfelden — white with pink strips; Ingwersens Variety is light pink; Insversen is violet-red; The basis has white Spessart — pink color; Variegata is pink-violet or purple.
Height of stalks is 30-70 cm, krone — to half a meter in the diameter. Large flowers, red or blue with lilac outflow, can be violet-blue, etc., leaves — wide. It is optimum to land in well lit place. Is melliferous herb. Available grades:
Algera Double is terry, white, the middle of flower lilac; Cluden Sapphire — flowers blue, are penetrated by pinkish streaks; Ilja — lobes pinkish; Splish Splash — lobes white with blue impregnations; hybrids (abundant blossoming is characteristic of them) — Jonsons Blue, Brookside, Kashmir Blue, Orion.
The creeping photophilous plant, length of stalks is about 15 cm. Light pink, small — up to 3 cm. After the first frosts the foliage becomes reddish.
30-70 cm high. Has the roots — ascending, peduncle on 2-3 purple flowers. Loves the shaded places and the soil which is well spilled by water. Perfectly fits into the mixed beds.
Himalaya or large-flowered
About 35 cm high. Flowers up to 0.5 cm, as a rule, grow in diameter on two on pedicel, lobes violet with shades. Loves the friable soil, watering — moderate. Feature of look — slow growth and compactness of krone. Grades:
Baby blue — color violet-blue, streaks light; Gravetye — violet-blue at the edges, the middle white; Irish Blue — lobes violet-blue, to the middle reddish; Plenum — terry flowers, blue-lilac, with pinkish or violet outflow.
About 80 cm high, violet color. Features of sheet plates: the greenish-gray shade by fall passing into reddish have the polygon form with rough edges. Equally well grows in shadow and on light.
Magnificent or magnificent
In height bushes about 60 cm. Wide krone, but compact form. Large flowers, grow at inflorescences on 2-3 pieces, coloring — all modulations blue with shade in violet. Is suitable for disembarkation and in shady places, and under the open sun. Popular grades:
Alan Mayes — saturated-blue with black impregnations; Blue Blood — violet-blue with cream shade to the middle; Mrs. Kendall Clark — violet with blue or white strips; Rosemoor — violet with the pink-lilac middle and bright blue streaks, feature of leaves — become orange and brick color in the fall.
Landing and lighting
It is optimum to plant in soil this perennial plant in the middle or the end of May.
At first it is necessary to pave the way: to dig over, loosen and fertilize the rotted-through compost. Then to make poles for landing. They have to be 20 cm deeper, than length of backs of zhuravelnik. Between holes leave not less than 30 cm for growth. Add drainage to each pole that water below did not stand. Over it fill soil layer. Place rhizome in pole and cover with earth, mixed with sand, it is abundant water. Around the planted bush the soil needs to be covered with mulch, having protected from drying.
Important! For landing of perennials choose sites with that degree of illumination which corresponds to this type of plant. The majority is loved by solar sites. But, for example, grades of the Balkan or blood-red geranium well feel also in shadow. In half-shade of inflorescence will be larger. It is possible to combine bushes of different height with success.
The main advantage of this decorative perennial — unpretentiousness. Care for it simple. The main condition is the fertility of the soil, it is necessary to watch its state. Bushes often do not water, the dried-up stalks need to be deleted in order to avoid emergence of fungus.
Important! Do not process zhuravelnik in hot weather. The high content of essential oils can cause irritation and rash on body.
Feed up in the spring nitrogen fertilizers, and in the summer complex — for more best blossoming, it is possible not to replace within 10 years.
Reproduction by seeds, rhizomes and shanks
It is possible to part zhuravelnik independently. Seeds it can extend and. But it will lead to uncontrolled overgrowing of the site. Usually at such reproduction the plant loses the high-quality characteristics. This way of cultivation — for selectors. That the ripened seeds have not scattered, inflorescences turn in fabric sack. Collected seeds sow on bed towards the winter, purchased — in April.
Important! At such cultivation the perennial will begin to blossom only for the third year.
Reproduction by rhizome
Division is usually done at the end of summer, dug out and carefully delete the excess earth from rhizome. Separate it so that on each part there was healthy, not dry kidney. After that prepare holes and put the same as at primary landing.
Young shoots with leaflets from adult bush cut off at the end of May, put in the container with water and bring home. Roots appear in 2-3 weeks. It is possible to process the place of cut Kornevin solution, for faster formation of roots. Then land in flower bed.
Basic reasons of all diseases — lack of the correct watering and fertilizer. The flowers resistant to drought can die too if not to water them at all.
Chloroz — the disease which is characterized by change of color because of the shortage of minerals. Fertilizing is recommended by complex fertilizers.
Dropsy — because of the wrong watering and bad drainage.
The bacterial burn — does not respond to treatment. It is necessary to cut off healthy leaflets for cherenkovaniye, and to utilize geranium.
Ring spottiness — on leaves white rings appear, then they wither. It is necessary to tear off not healthy leaves and all plant to spray with fungicide.
Mealy dew — infection with fungus with white raid. Tear off the infected leaflets and process fungicides. Black leg — because of the wrong watering and drainage. The perennial perishes. But it is possible to manage to separate top on shanks.
Phytophthora. On povyadshy leaves dark stains. Treatment — to remove the struck parts and to replace.
Gray decay — because of the increased humidity. There are gray-brown spots. Cut off affected areas and Fundazol or Vitaros process means. They are also used for prevention of this disease.
Alternarioz. White bubbles appear from behind humidity on bottom side of leaf. We cut off them and we process geranium structure Ridomil, the Profit Gold, Previkur.
Rust. There are spots reminding rust. Also tear off leaves and spray with fungicides.
Vertitsillezny withering. The disease arising in hot weather at insufficient watering. We water, we loosen the earth, we remove dry leaves, we apply Trikhodermin.
Wreckers eat plant, exhaust it and promote spread of infectious diseases.
Plant louse. Processing by medicine Fitoverm or Mospilan, Marathon. Whitefly. Aktara, Konfidor apply.
Web tick. Ocarinas, Aktellik, Fitoverm. Termites. Aspirin, Messenger, Marathon.
Nematode. Settles on rhizomes, gradually exhausting plant.
Root scale. Water with one of such medicines as Vidat, Tekta, Aktara.
Mealy scale. Alcohol with laundry soap will help.
Caterpillars and slugs. It is possible to get rid of them having collected in manual or having processed Lepidotsid solutions, Sempay, Ferramol, Slizneed.
Preparation for winter, shelter
The most part of zhuravelnik is resistant to frosts. By preparation for winter cold weather the land part of flower is cut off and filled up with mulch from humus or just grass. And in the spring this covering is removed.
But there are not frost-resistant grades, for example, oksonsky. It is desirable to cover them with cover material.