The term conflict is meant as the highest boiling point, limit aggravation of the saved-up contradictions. In psychology the concept of the conflict includes those contradictions which are connected with incredibly strong emotional experiences.
Causes of the conflicts in psychology
The problem of the conflict in psychology is studied, probably, so much time how many there is this science. And one of factors which promote permission of disputable situations, this definition of the cause of conflict.
Well, if the conflict in psychology is a collision of opposite opinions, then various thinking, the purposes, and ways of achievement of these purposes which are also mutually excluding each other will be the reasons. Often, yet without knowing the person, you already have to him a certain feeling which is based on the first impression. Being under this impression, you can subjectively estimate his opinion, as will become a reason for the conflict.
Besides, the cause of conflict in psychology the insufficient communication, misunderstanding, and also inability and unwillingness to control the feelings is considered.
Types of the conflicts in psychology
The psychology of the conflict has accurate classification which depends on criteria which are considered first of all. So, main types of the conflicts in psychology following:
- intra personal – internal fluctuations between feeling of sympathy or antipathy and a debt;
- interpersonal – the conflict between people.
Also on value distinguish the following types of the conflicts:
- constructive – when disagreement concern that area which is important either for life, or for work;
- destructive – collision of opinions on small occasions which if to look narrowly, are not of great importance. Most often destructive conflicts become the reasons of negative consequences.
Structure of the conflict in psychology
Researches in psychology elicited the fact that each conflict has rather accurately expressed structure. It is obligatory to eat an object or responsible for a conflict situation. Further to important components of structure of the conflict consider the opponent, or several persons who are participants.
And, of course, the purposes, motives of each participant of the arisen conflict are considered. Besides, studying solution to the conflict psychology, included in structure of a problem such factor as a collision occasion, and also real reason which became a contention source.
Resolution of conflicts in psychology
The possibility of the solution of collisions carries in psychology the name management of the conflicts. However it is possible to operate the conflict only when you accurately realize structure of the conflict.
In psychology allocate several main ways of resolution of conflicts:
- compromise, that is when both parties do certain concessions each other for achievement of more or less satisfactory decision;
- concession when one of the parties gives in because of a wrongfulness or from desire to finish the conflict, besides, this step is possible as a result of pressure from the third party;
- leaving, avoiding of a problem is a solution to the conflict with the minimum losses, however in most cases leaving provokes formation of new, stronger conflict therefore this way the most undesirable.
The choice of a way of resolution of conflict depends on many factors, such as character of participants of the conflict, level of damage caused to the opponent, and also and own damage, possible troubles, collision consequences, conflict duration, and also the status of an object of a conflict situation and his opponent.