The temperament is meant as the specific psychological features characterizing specifics of mental processes of the individual. It is possible to describe dynamics of mental processes with a great effort and depth of experiences, speed of course of mental processes and emotional excitability. Respectively, types of temperament differ by these criteria.
1. Force of mental processes is expressed in intensity of reaction to irritants, some people are inclined to spend more enegriya for reaction. She says also in tension of course of mental processes.
2. Parameter of speed of course of mental processes is presented by speed of perception, thinking, attention. Some people think very quickly, all notice, others do not keep up with the happening changes. Also here ease of switching from one mental activity to another belongs. For example, at some people of emotion arise quickly and easily are replaced, others need more time for the emotional answer.
3. The emotional excitability is characterized by force and depth of emotions. People with different temperament differently react to the same irritant. Therefore some perceive events in life very emotionally, others – quietly and coolly. Here constancy of emotions belongs, at some people the emotional states constantly change.
4. The temperament to a large extent depends on the content in blood of hormones and the chemical composition of blood. In physiology the temperament is understood as characteristic of nervous system. Nervous system can be strong or weak, balanced and unbalanced, mobile or inactive. Allocate as well types of temperament: sanguine person, choleric person, melancholiac, phlegmatic person.
5. Sanguine persons have mental processes of a malointensivna, but quickly are replaced with others. Emotional states also quickly replace each other, they are superficial. It makes the sanguine person mobile and cheerful, unaccustomed to go deep into personal experiences. He easily undertakes new affairs, but quite often leaves them incomplete. Deep affections for people are not peculiar to him.
6. The choleric person has emotions very intensive and proceed quickly therefore he quickly lights up and at once calms down. The mood changes sharply, feelings are deep and are experienced fully. These are very active and vigorous people.
7. At melancholic temperament the mental processes proceed slowly, emotional experiences are extremely deep. The mood is monotonous, changes in life are perceived hardly. These are the vulnerable and closed people deprived of brisk vital energy. Often they passive, sluggish and indecisive.
8. The phlegmatic person is inactive and poorly excitable emotionally. Feelings change smoothly, it is difficult to discompose, see him in an uneasy state. It is difficult to it to switch to any new activity, it very much becomes attached to close people.