Long time scientists could not draw unambiguous conclusions on features of food of Neanderthal men and also on whether any medicines were known to them. However thanks to the careful analysis of the hardened raid on the teeth found in a cave in the north of Spain it was succeeded to find out that Neanderthal men preferred to be treated by means of herbs.
Thanks to the special equipment by means of which the chemical analysis of remains of Neanderthal men was succeeded to carry out the scientists found out that these beings ate not only meat, but also vegetable food, besides they used some herbs not only for hunger satisfying, but also for treatment. Moreover, it was succeeded to establish that products of plant origin were prepared often on fire, but did not eat crude. Among other molecules of bitter herbs among which, according to scientists, there were a yarrow and a camomile were found in a raid on teeth of Neanderthal men. At the moment it is well known that such plants possess special curative characteristics, however it turned out that it was known and the protopeople living on Earth there are a lot of millennia back. There are at least three reasons allowing to claim that a yarrow, a camomile and some other plants, bitter on taste, were used for treatment. First, according to results of many researches, flavoring receptors at Neanderthal men were developed well, and they would not begin to eat bitter herbs just like that. Secondly, the camomile and a yarrow have very low nutrition value unlike meat and other products of plant and animal origin which protopeople ate. Thirdly, according to results of the analysis, one of several Neanderthal men living in a cave ate bitter herbs very often while other creations which remains were found in the same place used them occasionally while food shared between all approximately equally. Unfortunately, scientists did not manage to understand yet whether Neanderthal men used herbs or prepared from them mixes, broths, etc. Besides, it is difficult to establish what plants except a yarrow and a camomile were used by protopeople for treatment and of what specifically illnesses they intended to get rid by means of such means.