Behind examples of hortatory sentences far it is not necessary to go. Each of us says dozens of hortatory sentences a day: "It is time to rise!", "Have breakfast rather!", "Make lessons at first!", "Vasya, domooy!" There will be a sentence on intonation exclamatory or interrogative, in both cases you induce other person to execute your will. To make it it is grammatical right, we will consider in more detail what is hortatory sentences.
So, if to you handled a hortatory sentence ("Vasya, quickly home!"), you will never confuse it on intonation with narrative ("Vasya any more at home") or with interrogative ("And Vasya of the house?"). But attention! If the offer is formulated so: "But whether Vasenka is time for you home?" or "Vaska, well you go?" - that this example belongs to the category "interrogative hortatory sentence". Such offers comprise two types of intonation at once. If in a hortatory sentence there is a predicate, then it, most likely, will stand in an imperative mood: "Go from here, Petya!" (Well how many it is already possible to decline poor Vasya!) Also predicates in the form of a subjunctive mood meet: "But you would not go from here!" And even in the form of an indicative mood: "Went from here!" The last sounds not really politely, but etiquette questions in this article are not considered. If as a predicate use an infinitive: for example, strict "Not to smoke!" - that such offers call "negative and incentive". Faithful assistants to a hortatory sentence - special particles. Scientifically they still are called modal and strong-willed. All of them are perfectly familiar to us: "Let!", "Let!", "Dai!", "Give!", "And well!". And just irreplaceable particle. But sometimes it is enough only one noun in the Nominative case that the sentence became hortatory. If you hear: "Fire! Fire!" - you will instantly guess to what wanted to induce you speaking. "Run! Escape! Call "01"! So let problems with definition of hortatory sentences from now on to you will be unknown! And let these offers sound for you not in the form of orders and the bans, and is exclusive in the form of polite and delicate requests. For example: Whether "Not to drink to us a tea?". Or "Darling you will marry me? Your Vasya..."