During the first several years of life of the child the organism intensively grows. Organs of vision – not an exception, however, they are very subject to negative impact of numerous factors which can lead to emergence of problems. We suggest to get acquainted with exercises which can be used for prevention or treatment of diseases of eyes at the initial stage.
Causes of illness of organs of vision
In spite of the fact that – there is a lot of reasons as a result of which in the childhood it is possible to face deterioration or even loss of sight, they can be divided into three main groups:
- congenital problems;
- the acquired pathologies.
Pay attention to complexes of morning exercises for children of different age.
The first group is connected with anomalies at the gene level which are transferred from parents. However it is more often not a deviation, and it is rather a predisposition to pathologies. It can be shown in the presence of suitable factors right after appearance of the person on light.
During the pre-natal period of development of the child, adverse processes are possible during formation of organs of vision when there can be a development of congenital defects.
Here it is possible to refer developing of a cataract and a mikroftalmiya as result of infection of mother during pregnancy with viruses of a rubella, herpes, and even Colomba of an eye iris as a result of infection with a cytomegalovirus.
The acquired pathologies – include factors which influence development of sight. Here it is possible to carry:
- defeats of infectious character;
- injuries of organs of vision, backbone or brain;
- violations of blood circulation in a brain;
- tumors and autoimmune processes;
- somatic diseases;
- pathologies of an endocrine system.
Important! The nature provided that eyes constantly were in the movement. Movements have to alternate with relaxation, fixation has to be minimum.
Remedial gymnastics for eyes
Even if your child has no problems with sight now, you should not be fully confident that they will not appear further. Exercises for eyes offered below can be used not only for treatment, but also for prevention of possible problems.
Exercises not only enhance visual acuity, but also remove spasms of eye muscles, support their tone and minimize fatigue. Doctors claim that daily trainings in a month will show positive result.
Rules of performance
The gymnastics will allow to receive result only in case of observance of the following recommendations:
- regular implementation of all rules long time;
- the training has to include exercises on strengthening and relaxation of eye muscles;
- for one approach it is necessary to carry out no more than two repetitions;
- in breaks between repetitions it is necessary to blink quickly to relax muscles.
Whether you know? The cornea of an eye of the person is completely similar to shark therefore the last is often used when carrying out operations on improvement of sight of people.
Sets of exercises for eyes of children
We suggest to examine exercises which not only will remove stress from organs of vision, but also will strengthen necessary muscles. It is important not to force the kid to their performance, and to interest him, having turned charging into a game. It is also useful to offer this complex for group of children in kindergarten as children like to repeat actions one after another.
Today at this frustration the following exercises are the most popular:
- Widely open eyes "draw" a look the eight in air. Do it most slowly and surely smoothly. About 7 times are recommended to repeat.
- Straight arm have at the level of the equal head. Several seconds look at a hand thumb, and then begin to take away smoothly a hand aside. The look is not torn off from the chosen point. Repeat all actions with other hand. A complex – up to 7 repetitions.
- Designate some point at distance of 30 cm, look at it for some time, and then translate a look afar and detain a view of time. Repeat exercise of 10 times.
- The hand is raised forward, looked at it 5 seconds. Close one eye, and the second continue to look. Then they are changed. Repeat 10 times.
- Before eyes have a pencil and begin to move slowly it in different directions. It is important that the head was left without the movement.
- Exercise is carried out in a standing position, with the hands located on a belt. Slowly develop the head in the parties, turning an eye on the movement of the head. To repeat 20 times.
- Widely tear off eyes, then as much as possible blink them and close. Repeat 20 times.
Exercises for eyes at short-sightedness (shortsightedness): video
When the child has difficulties with recognition of objects in short distances, it is recommended to practice the following exercises:
- Make movements by a look here and there. The head at the same time does not move. In each direction – on 5 times.
- At a window place a tag of dark color of the small size. Depart on distance of 1 m. Look at a tag, after a while relax eyes, looking afar, so that the tag was indistinct. Repeat a certain number of times. Between repetitions it is necessary to blink periodically often.
- Are located opposite to hours of the big size. Fix a look on mark 12, and then begin to move a look on the movement of an hour hand, stopping on each mark where the figure is represented. Take 3 detours then the same number of repetitions do against the movement of an hour hand.
- Before eyes place images of large geometrical figures. Begin "to depict" a look everyone on a contour.
Let's consider what gymnastics is recommended to be done to children at this pathology:
- Show to children of preschool age two almost similar drawings and suggest to find differences. Those who is more senior can offer the image of a labyrinth which needs to be "passed" a look.
- Buy developing "lacing" or independently do it (the sheet of cardboard with the made 12 openings and a shoe lace). Suggest the child to pass a lace through all openings.
- The sheet of paper is divided into cages of the identical size in which draw figures or paste ready stickers. Each figure has to be present at a leaf 2 times. Ask the kid to find similar images.
At an astigmatism
In the presence of this problem all movements have to be only smooth and slow.
Learn what to make that the child was ill less.
We suggest to examine some exercises:
- Roll eyes diversely. Then reduce on a nose bridge and detain a view of 3–5 seconds. It is recommended to repeat several times a day.
- Lift up eyes up to the maximum level. Fix for 10 seconds. Transfer a look down and on diagonal to the left, and then – to other party.
- Transfer a view from neighbors of distant objects, stopping for several seconds in each situation. It is important that eyeballs at the same time did not move.
- Extend a hand forward and focus a look on a finger-tip. Slowly bring closer a hand to themselves, and then take away.
- It is frequent to blink, then to close eyes for 2–3 seconds and again to blink. Repeat several times.
Important! Never it is impossible to strain (to blink) eyes in order that to see something. This habit will only aggravate a situation up to total loss of sight.
Gymnastics for eyes at an astigmatism: video
Measures for strengthening of effect of exercises
To enhance efficiency of gymnastics, it is necessary to follow the following rules in everyday life:
- to move more;
- to watch position of a backbone when walking and in a sitting position – it has to be direct;
- to control time spent in front of screens of various devices;
- not to watch TV, in the screen of the tablet, phone too close and especially in the dark.
Get acquainted with finger-type gymnastics for children.
Not to allow emergence of problems with organs of vision, it is recommended to all to carry out preventive gymnastics. They takes no more than 7 minutes and allows to relax muscles. Let's consider some effective exercises:
Palming (U. Bates's technique):
- Hold a sitting position.
- Close eyes and densely (that light did not get) cover them with palms of hands, but without creating them any pressure.
- Elbows lower on a table. The body has to be relaxed. It is possible to dream of something good.
- Remain in such situation up to 5 minutes.
This time is enough that eyes have a rest. It is necessary to get used to light gradually.
Pay attention to techniques of recovery of sight: according to Bates, across Norbekov, across Avetisov.
- Starting position – sitting.
- Close eyes and represent that a nose tip – the handle or a pencil.
- Begin to move the head, representing as if something is written or draw in air.
Similar warm-up is done systematically, in front of the screen of the computer or behind watching TV.
Whether you know? Fingerprints are allocated with 40 distinctive characteristics, at the same time on eye irises of the eye – whole 256. It also is the main reason for use of scanning of a retina of an eye for safety.
The above information proves that the children's gymnastics for eyes is suitable also for adults, however at early age can get rid of many problems of people for shorter period. The main thing, at detection of "malfunctions" in an organism not to shelve the solution of problems, and to complete in due time necessary course of treatment.